Wednesday, January 13, 2016

Flood Assistance Resource Fair in Noel Jan. 16

Flood Assistance Resource Fair
Saturday, January 16, 2016
11:00am to 3:00pm
Noel Elementary School
318 Sulphur St. Noel, MO 64854

Come visit with these social service organizations and disaster relief agencies as they offer their services free of charge:

  • Catholic Charities of Southern Missouri- Disaster Case Management
  • Children’s Haven of SW MO- Respite care, temporary shelter
  • Community Clinic of Joplin- FREE flu shots
  • Economic Security Corporation- Housing/utility assistance, Head Start
  • Legal Aid of Western Missouri- Contract/tenant disputes
  • Ozark Center- Emotional support and mental health care
  • University of MO Extension- Flood recovery and clean-up strategies
  • Red Cross- Disaster Clean Up Kits
  • Access Family Health- Personal Hygiene Kits


Sponsored by: The McDonald County COAD, (Community Organizations Active in Disaster), The McDonald County Coalition, The Alliance of Southwest Missouri

USDA to Have Public Meetings about Assistance Available for Flood Damages

Representatives of four United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) agencies will participate in public meetings January 20-21 to explain various types of flood-recovery assistance available to landowners and units of government.

During the meetings, representatives of the USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), Farm Service Agency (FSA), Rural Development (RD), and Risk Management Agency (RMA) will describe the federal programs they administer that could assist those whose property sustained damages from flooding that occurred late last year and into 2016.

Meeting times and locations are:

  • Springfield, MO – 9 a.m. to 11 a.m. Wednesday, January 20, at the Missouri Department of Conservation Nature Center, 4601 S. Nature Center Way. The nature center is located in southeast Springfield just west of Highway 65 off the James River Freeway (Highway 60).
  • Rolla, MO – 2 p.m. to 4 p.m. Wednesday, January 20, at the Comfort Suites Conference Center, 1650 Old Wire Outer Road. The hotel is located off Interstate 44 at exit 186. Use the entrance at the rear of the building.
  • Union, MO – 9:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. Thursday, January 21, at the Knights of Columbus building, 700 Clearview Drive.

Persons with disabilities who require accommodations to attend or participate in these meetings should contact their local USDA Service Center or Federal Relay Service at 1-800-877-8339 by Friday, January 15, 2016.

Thursday, January 07, 2016

Flood Assistance Resource Fair for McDonald County

To be held 10 a.m. to noon, Tuesday January 12, 2016 at the Pineville Community Center, 602 Jesse James Road, Pineville, Mo.

Come visit with these social service organizations and disaster relief agencies as they offer their services free of charge:

Catholic Charities of Southern Missouri---Disaster Case Management     
Children’s Haven of SW MO—respite care, temporary shelter
Community Clinic of Joplin-- FREE flu shots
Economic Security Corporation—housing/utility assistance, Head Start
Legal Aid of Western Missouri--- contract/tenant disputes
Ozark Center---emotional support and mental health care
University of MO Extension—flood recovery and clean-up strategies

Sponsored by the McDonald County COAD (Community Organizations Active in Disaster) and The Alliance of Southwest Missouri

Sunday, January 03, 2016

Homes Cures for Mold and Mildew Problems do Exist

Contact: Bob Schultheis, natural resource engineering specialist
Headquartered in Webster County
Tel: (417) 859-2044
E-mail: schultheisr@missouri.edu

MARSHFIELD, Mo. -- Wet weather, rain on storm damaged homes, and residential flooding can all create mold problems inside a home. But according to Bob Schultheis, a natural resource engineering specialist with University of Missouri Extension, this type of wet weather does not mean it is a good idea to test a home for mold.

“If you can smell mustiness, mold is present. The cure is to eliminate the source of the moisture and improve airflow under the house and in enclosed areas like closets. Generally, a mold test is just an unnecessary expense using money that can be better used to fix the problem,” said Schultheis.

The key is to keep water out and that means checking for plumbing and roof leaks and repairing any leaks that are found.

“Make sure the house has working gutters and downspouts that direct roof runoff away from the foundation.  Every inch of rain you divert off the roof of an average-sized house is about 1000 gallons of water that won’t be trying to get into the house,” said Schultheis.

It is also a good idea to put 6-mil polyethylene plastic down on the dirt floor of the crawlspace and seal the edges and seams.  According to Schultheis, this will prevent as much as 20 gallons of water vapor a day from moving up into the living area of the home.

“Another option is to keep the foundation vents open year-round to allow water vapor to escape.  This also reduces radon gas buildup, if you have it,” said Schultheis.

It is also important to make sure the vents from clothes dryers, bathroom fans and range hoods exhaust to the outdoors, not just into the attic or crawlspace.

The best way to check moisture levels in a home is with a digital temperature and humidity gauge. The indoor relative humidity should ideally be in the 30 percent to 50 percent range.  A list of sources for these gauges is available at http://extension.missouri.edu/webster/documents/resources/disaster/Temperature-HumidityGaugeSourceList.pdf

“Too much humidity will show up as excess moisture on the windows and favors dust mite and mold growth.  Too little humidity can cause static electricity in carpets and scratchy throats and bloody noses for the occupants, said Schultheis.

For more information on solving moisture and mildew problems, contact the nearest University of Missouri Extension Center and ask for MU Guide GH5928 “How to Prevent and Remove Mildew — Home Methods,” see the mold control resources at http://extension.missouri.edu/webster/mold-control.aspx, contact Schultheis at the Webster County Extension Center, 417 859-2044, or visit the MU Extension website at http://extension.missouri.edu
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Friday, January 01, 2016

Flood-related resources from MU Extension

Available for expert comment

Conne Burnham, University of Missouri Extension state emergency management specialist, can answer reporters' questions on disaster readiness, response and recovery at the household, community and state level. Contact Burnham at 573-884-5254 or burnhamc@missouri.edu.

Missouri Flood Info on Facebook
Missouri Flood Info, http://www.facebook.com/MoFloodInfo, is a collaboration of state, federal and local agencies and organizations involved addressing flooding in Missouri, including the Partnership for Disaster Recovery. Managed by MU Extension.

News releases
Relevant information from MU Extension specialists:

Resources for Your Flooded Home

Mold control

MU Extension flood resources

Publications
(To access publications, use the links below or go extension.missouri.edu/publications/ and search by publication number.)
  • EMW1023, Quick Tips for Cleaning Up After a Flood – Tips on protective equipment; deciding what can be salvaged and what should be thrown away; safely drying, cleaning and disinfecting materials; and what to do before installing new drywall and insulation.
  • MP904, Resources for Your Flooded Home – Downloadable 24-page publications offers information about electrical systems, repairing walls, cleaning furniture, flooring and floor coverings, bedding, kitchen items, and controlling mold and mildew. Other information includes financial advice, filing insurance claims, avoiding fraud and hiring a contractor.
  • EMW1026, Safe Drinking Water in an Emergency – Downloadable guide sheet on storing and purifying drinking water during an emergency.
Other links


Private Water Wells Should Be Cleaned After Disaster

Contact: Bob Schultheis, natural resource engineering specialist
Headquartered in Webster County
Tel: (417) 859-2044
E-mail: schultheisr@missouri.edu

MARSHFIELD, Mo. -- If a private water well has been flooded or otherwise damaged by storms, the well and the entire water system should be cleaned and disinfected. Floods can contaminate wells with silt, raw sewage, oil and disease organisms.

"First, remove silt and debris from the well and examine the casing, motors and pumps, piping, electrical and other system components for damage. Consult a service professional if damage is extensive or if you are unable to make repairs," said Bob Schultheis, natural resource engineering specialist, University of Missouri Extension.

According to Schultheis, the following steps should be taken to disinfect a well:

1. Pump the water until it is clear.

2. Scrub and disinfect the pump room and wash all equipment with at least a two percent chlorine solution. Laundry bleach is usually six percent chlorine, so mix 1 gallon with 2 gallons of water.

3. Remove the well seal or plug at the top of the casing. Pour a solution of one quart of laundry bleach and three gallons of water into the top of the casing. Leave it there at least four hours, preferably overnight.

4. Pump the chlorinated water through the system. While filling all piping, open one faucet at a time until there is a strong chlorine odor at each faucet. Close the faucet and leave the chlorine in the piping at least two hours, preferably overnight.

5. Pump and flush the system until the taste and odor of chlorine are no longer present.

6. Have the water tested for bacteria. Boil or treat all drinking water until the water test indicates the water is safe for all purposes.

Water testing for bacteria is available through county health departments at http://health.mo.gov/living/lpha/lphas.php

Details on treating a bacteria-contaminated well are available at http://extension.missouri.edu/p/WQ102

In emergencies, questionable water can be made drinkable by following the procedures in http://extension.missouri.edu/p/EMW1026

Additional information on this topic is available online at http://extension.missouri.edu or on the national Extension website http://extension.org.

University of Missouri Extension programs focus on the high-priority needs of Missourians. Each county extension center, with oversight by locally elected and appointed citizens, is your local link to practical education on almost anything.
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Thursday, December 31, 2015

Flooding Issues: Dealing with Flooded Home Septic Systems

Contact: Bob Schultheis, natural resource engineering specialist
Headquartered in Webster County
Tel: (417) 859-2044
E-mail: schultheisr@missouri.edu

MARSHFIELD, Mo. – Home septic systems are being negatively impacted by the wet weather conditions in Missouri according to Bob Schultheis, natural resource engineering specialist with University of Missouri Extension.

“Our office is getting a lot of questions by phone and email about the same basic issue,” said Schultheis.

Question: What recommendations do you have for homeowners that have flooded septic systems?

Answer: The absorption drain field after the septic tank is not going to work until the soil becomes unsaturated.

If the septic system’s drain field is flooded or saturated, plug all basement drains and drastically reduce water use in the house. Don’t run water from a basement sump pump into the septic system or let water from roof gutters or the sump pump discharge into the drain field. Plug floor drains if flooding is occurring next to the house because water can flow back through the septic system. Unbolt toilets from the floor and plug the outlet pipe, shower drains, washing machine and basement sink drain.

Here are two links with more details.

What to do with Flooded Septic Systems
https://www.ag.ndsu.edu/flood/pdfs/flooded_septic_systems.pdf

Managing Your Septic Tank During/Following a Flood
https://www.readygallatin.com/?wpfb_dl=18

MU Extension programs focus on the high-priority needs of Missourians to improve lives, communities and economies by providing relevant, responsive and reliable educational solutions. Each county extension center, with oversight by locally elected and appointed citizens, is your local link to practical education on almost anything. More information on this topic is available online at http://extension.missouri.edu.
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Saving Water for Residential Use

Here are a few indoor water conservation tips from Bob Schultheis, a natural resource engineering specialist with University of Missouri Extension.

To save indoor water use:
a.  Repair faucet and toilet leaks
b.  Install toilet dams on older units
c.  Avoid unnecessary toilet flushing
d.  Take short showers instead of baths (8-10 gallons vs. 30-50 gallons; limit teenagers to 5-minute showers)
e.  Use low-flow shower head (50% less water, with more velocity)
f.  Turn off shower when shampooing or soaping
g.  Run only full loads in dishwasher and clothes washer (20-50 gallons/cycle)
h.  Install faucet aerators (50% less water)
i.   Turn off faucet when shaving, brushing teeth, handwashing dishes
j.   Limit use of the hot tub/spa/Jacuzzi

More details can be found at:

Saving Water - Tips for Residential Use

Indoor Water Use in the United States


Questionable water can be made drinkable by following the procedures in http://extension.missouri.edu/p/EMW1026

Wednesday, December 30, 2015

USDA Offers Flood Impacted Missouri Farmers and Ranchers Immediate Disaster Assistance; Farm Service Agency Stands Ready to Assist Agricultural Producers Slammed by Recent Heavy Rains

Missouri Farm Service Agency (FSA) reminds farmers and ranchers across the state of federal farm program benefits that may be available to help eligible producers recover from recent heavy rains and flooding.

FSA offers disaster assistance and low-interest loan programs to assist agricultural producers in their recovery efforts following floods or similar qualifying natural disasters. Available programs and loans include:

Non-Insured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) - provides financial assistance to producers of non-insurable crops when low yields, loss of inventory, or prevented planting occur due to natural disasters (includes native grass for grazing). Eligible producers must have purchased NAP coverage for 2016 crops.

Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP) - offers payments to eligible producers for livestock death losses in excess of normal mortality due to adverse weather. Eligible losses may include those determined by FSA to have been caused by hurricanes, floods, blizzards, wildfires, tropical storms, tornados, lightning, extreme heat, and extreme cold. Producers will be required to provide verifiable documentation of death losses resulting from an eligible adverse weather event and must submit a notice of loss to their local FSA office within 30 calendar days of when the loss of livestock is apparent.

Tree Assistance Program (TAP) – provides assistance to eligible orchardists and nursery tree growers for qualifying tree, shrub and vine losses due to natural disaster.

Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees, and Farm-Raised Fish Program (ELAP) - provides emergency relief for losses due to feed or water shortages, disease, adverse weather, or other conditions, which are not adequately addressed by other disaster programs. ELAP covers physically damaged or destroyed livestock feed that was purchased or mechanically harvested forage or feedstuffs intended for use as feed for the producer's eligible livestock. In order to be considered eligible, harvested forage must be baled; forage that is only cut, raked or windrowed is not eligible. Producers must submit a notice of loss to their local FSA office within 30 calendar days of when the loss is apparent.

For beekeepers, ELAP covers beehive losses (the physical structure) in instances where the hive has been destroyed by a natural disaster including flooding, high winds and tornadoes.

• Emergency Loan Program – Available to producers with agriculture operations located in a county under a primary or contiguous Secretarial Disaster designation. These low interest loans help producers recover from production and physical losses due to drought, flooding.

• Emergency Conservation Program (ECP) - provides emergency funding for farmers and ranchers to rehabilitate land severely damaged by natural disasters; includes fence loss.

• HayNet - is an Internet-based Hay and Grazing Net Ad Service allowing farmers and ranchers to share 'Need Hay' ads and 'Have Hay' ads online. Farmers also can use another feature to post advertisements for grazing land, specifically ads announcing the availability of grazing land or ads requesting a need for land to graze. www.fsa.usda.gov/haynet.

To establish or retain FSA program eligibility, farmers and ranchers must report prevented planting and failed acres (crops and grasses).

For more information on disaster assistance programs and loans visit www.fsa.usda.gov/ or contact your local FSA Office. To find your local FSA county office, visit http://offices.usda.gov.

For weekly emailed news blasts from University of Missouri Extension about events and helpful information for residents of southwest Missouri, please subscribe online to our free service.

Thursday, November 12, 2015

What is the Best Way to Deal with Falling Leaves?

SPRINGFIELD, Mo. -- The time-honored ritual of raking leaves during the fall months is a chore many homeowners would like to avoid.

In fact, there are several ways of putting leaves to better use in a yard according to Patrick Byers, horticulture specialist with University of Missouri Extension.

“From an ecological point, the best way to deal with leaves in the landscape is to mulch them where they fall and let them decompose to release their minerals back to the soil,” said Byers.

In well managed turf, leaf drop from shade trees is not always a nuisance that requires raking. Even if a moderate amount of leaves are chopped with a mulching mower they can normally be allowed to decompose into the turf.

“Leaves are high in nutrients like iron, zinc and copper. They are also rich in organic matter, a valuable commodity for the turf, existing trees and shrubs,” said Byers.

The acidity of the leaves is a common concern with many homeowners. Fresh oak leaves may initially lower soil pH but as leaves decompose, the pH will gradually build to a neutral level causing little concern.

Another concern is smothering out the turf if leaves are allowed to remain.

Leaf cover that is too thick may cause excessive moisture under the leaves or drastically reduce sunlight to the turf.

“In some cases, leaves may accumulate to a depth that, even after mulching, will smother out the turf. If so, it is best to remove the leaves and shred them in another location,” said Byers.

Other options are to incorporate them into an annual flower or vegetable garden, start a compost pile, deliver them to a yard waste recycling center to be composted or create leaf mold.

More information on what to do with leaves is available by requesting Guide 6956, “Making and Using Composts,” from your local University of Missouri Extension Center.  

Monday, October 19, 2015

“4-H 5K Run for Health” Set for Nov. 21 in Aurora

Contact: Karla Deaver, 4-H Youth Development Specialist
Headquartered in Lawrence County
Tel: (417) 466-3102
E-mail: deaverk@missouri.edu

MT. VERNON, Mo. – Lawrence County 4-H will hold its fourth annual “4-H 5K Run for Health,” starting at 8 a.m. Saturday, Nov. 21 at the United Methodist Church in Aurora.

In addition to helping raise funds for Lawrence County 4-H members, those who register will participate in a fun, healthy activity and be eligible for a number of awards.

“Healthy Lifestyles is just one of the 4-H initiatives,” said Karla Deaver, 4-H youth development specialist with University of Missouri Extension. “This annual event will promote 4-H by encouraging youth to participate, but will also help the community engage with our members and volunteers in a fun, healthy way while raising funds for the local 4-H council.”

In addition to the 5K, a one mile kid’s fun run will be offered. 

“We are a youth organization, and we had a lot of fun last year with this shorter distance that accommodates some of our younger members,” Deaver said.

The race will feature divisions for youth and adults, with awards given to first, second and third place in each age division and to the overall youth male and female.  Youth divisions will be ages 10 and under, 11 to13 and 14 to 19.  Adult divisions will be in 10 year increments.

The cost to register for the event is $15 for 4-H members and volunteers, and $20 for non-4-H members.  All registrants will receive a race tech shirt, available in adults and women’s sizes this year. Advanced registration is required by Nov. 1. For more information on the event or to register, call MU Extension at 417-466-3102 or go online to extension.missouri.edu/Lawrence. 

“The Lawrence County 4-H Council is excited about this event. It as an opportunity to promote 4-H in the local area, as well as provide families with a fun, healthy activity,” said Deaver.
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Thursday, October 15, 2015

“If We Say It, We Must Mean It,” Says MU Extension Human Development Specialist

Contact: Renette Wardlow, human development specialist
Headquartered in Greene County
Tel: (417) 881-8909
E-mail: wardlowr@missouri.edu
Photo at https://flic.kr/p/9gZ8gA

SPRINGFIELD, Mo. -- Parents and other adults who care for children often discuss the “how and why” of discipline according to Renette Wardlow, human development specialist with University of Missouri Extension.

“One of the questions I get asked the most often is ‘How can I get my children to listen to me and do what I say’?” said Wardlow. “Basically, if we say it, we must mean it.”

There are many and varied ideas on what discipline is and how it should be used. Parents have the responsibility to train their child in the way he should go. Wardlow says that challenge often requires that we first learn to discipline ourselves in the matters of child rearing.

“Whether parenting skills come naturally, or we learn them through trial and error, they are accomplished by consistency, encouragement, and example,” said Wardlow.

First of all, there are no specific rules, no set answers.

“We are different people, different from our parents. The way we feel today may not be how we feel tomorrow. Our children are not alike and our setting is constantly changing. If we can remember these things then we can begin to understand why no book can contain one set of rules that will work for everyone,” said Wardlow.

However, there are some general guidelines and principles that can be adapted to individual situations and that can help you think through your situation.

Discipline is guidance, teaching, and learning. It is helping your children to grow in self-direction so that when they are grown up, they can control their actions. Discipline continues from birth all through life.

Discipline is necessary. It is necessary to develop wholesome, satisfying relationships with others; for health and safety; and for the protection of the rights of others.

Discipline does not just apply to misbehavior; it is much more. It involves looking at behavior, try to understand why, trying to find the best way to change behavior and provide a good learning experience for a child.

“Regardless of what age a child is, one of the most difficult jobs as a parent is to set limits on a child’s behavior. However, once limits are set it is especially important to determine what to do if a rule or limit is broken,” said Wardlow.

There are times when a child breaks a rule and must suffer the consequences.

“When we set limits but don’t follow through consistently, we find our credibility suffers,” said Wardlow. “Regardless of how ‘stern-faced’ we appear, if we do not follow through, we lose, but the child loses more. He or she learns that we do not really mean what we say!

For more information, contact any of MU Extension’s human development specialists in southwest Missouri: Renette Wardlow in Christian County at (417) 581-3558, Dr. Jim Wirth in Taney County at (417) 546-4431, or Angie Fletcher in Texas County at (417) 967-4545.
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Friday, October 09, 2015

Check Out Charities Before Making Contributions

Contact: Janet LaFon, family financial education specialist
Headquartered in Jasper County
Tel: (417) 358-2158
E-mail: lafonj@missouri.edu

CARTHAGE, Mo. -- In both good times and bad, Americans are generous givers to charitable organizations. Many of these organizations are legitimate and put the money to good use.

However, there are some charitable organizations that spend the majority of the money donated on salaries and other administrative costs – and little if anything on those in need.  How can a potential donor tell the difference?

“Most charities and professional fund-raisers operating in Missouri are required to register with the Attorney General’s office,” said Janet LaFon, family financial education specialist, University of Missouri Extension.

Those exempt from registering include religious organizations and educational institutions. Many of the charities who are required to register voluntarily provide information that the Attorney Generals’ office makes available to the public.

“You can find out the missions of various charities and how much money they receive each year. Also included is information on how much they spend on programs and administrative costs,” said LaFon. “The Attorney General’s office doesn’t endorse any of the charities on the list.”

The information is provided as a resource you can use to evaluate various charities. Check their website (http://www.ago.mo.gov/divisions/consumer/check-a-charity) or call the Consumer Protection Hotline at 1-800-392-8222.

“It can sometimes be difficult to know if a charitable organization is reputable and will put your money to good use,” said LaFon. “Before you donate, take some time to do a little research.”

RESEARCH CHARITIES

To help consumers make informed charitable contributions and avoid fraud, LaFon recommends four basic tips to research the charity.

Check out the charity.  Before making a contribution to a charity that solicits funds by mail or telephone, check it out. Ask for information about the organization, how funds will be used and what percentage will go to administrative costs. Be sure to read all of the organization’s materials carefully, including the fine print.  Other resources you may wish to check are CharityNavigator.com and GuideStar.org. The Better Business Bureau (BBB) also provides information to help evaluate charities at Give.org.  “When evaluating a charity, be sure to take a look at the financial health of the organization, accountability, transparency, and results,” said LaFon.

Confirm tax-deductible status. Be sure you are giving to a registered public charity with a 501 (c) 3 status. To check the tax exempt status of aid or charitable organizations, go to the Internal Revenue Service website, http://www.irs.gov/Charities-&-Non-Profits/Exempt-Organizations-Select-Check.

Donate Funds with Check or Credit Card. Do not give cash or a credit card number to solicitors who call or email you. Request that the charity mail you written information about the fund. Then make your donation to a charity with a check or credit card.

Report Fraud. If you think you have dealt with an organization that is not using your funds properly, contact the Missouri Attorney General (http://www.ago.mo.gov) or the Federal Trade Commission (http://www.ftc.gov/) to file your complaint.

 “Take the time to choose the recipients of your charitable giving to make sure that the dollars reach helping hands,” said LaFon.

EFFICIENT CHARITIES

A good, highly efficient charitable organization usually spends about 75 percent of the money it raises on charitable programs and the remaining 25 percent on general administration and fundraising, according to CharityWatch.org (formerly the American Institute of Philanthropy).

At the lowest end of the “acceptable” spectrum are charities that spend 60 percent on charitable programs and the remaining 40 percent on general administration and fundraising.

According to Charity Navigator, total giving to charitable organizations was $358.38 billion in 2014 (two percent of the Gross Domestic Product, or GDP). This is the fifth straight year giving has increased, and the first year to surpass the previous high of $355.17 billion seen in 2007.

As in previous years, the majority of that giving came from individuals. Specifically, individuals gave roughly $258.5 billion (72 percent) representing a 5.7 percent increase over 2013.

MORE INFORMATION

For more information on issues related to home finances, contact either of the MU Extension family financial education specialists in southwest Missouri: Janet LaFon, Jasper County Extension Center, (417) 358-2158, lafonj@missouri.edu or Nellie Lamers, Taney County Extension Center, (417) 546-4431, lamersn@missouri.edu.
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Monday, October 05, 2015

Yellow Nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus)

By Sarah Kenyon, agromony specialist, University of Missouri Extension

Nutsedge emerges as a pale green spike, similar in appearance to a grass seedling. However, the plant is not a grass at all; the leaf blades have no collar region, ligules, or auricles. Viewed from above, the leaves are arranged in three vertical rows (three-ranked arrangement). Grasses have a two-ranked leaf arrangement. The three-ranked leaves, triangular stem, and v shaped leaf blades are the major identifying characteristics of the sedges.

Sedges thrive in wet soil conditions.  With the abundant rainfall experienced this year sedges have emerged in large numbers.  Underground tubers that form at the end of each rootlet are even more important than seeds in the reproduction of yellow nutsedge. The tubers overwinter and survive soil temperatures as low as 20 degrees. The tuber skin contains a chemical that must be washed off by soil moisture before the tuber can sprout. Therefore, yellow nutsedge thrives in wet areas.

Livestock can graze sedges, and this weed can be nutritious when vegetative.  The tubers can also be consumed.  Hogs are recommended as a control strategy since they seek out sedges as a food source.  Chemical control options include Permit, Yukon, Sedgehammer, and Outrider.

For more information, contact any of these MU Extension agronomy specialists in southwest Missouri: Tim Schnakenberg in Stone County, (417) 357-6812; Jill Scheidt in Barton County, (417) 682-3579; John Hobbs in McDonald County, (417) 223-4775 or Sarah Kenyon in Texas County, (417) 967-4545.
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Friday, September 18, 2015

Greene County Presiding Commissioner to Embark on “Re-envisioning Government” Listening Tour

Springfield, MO – Bob Cirtin, Greene County Presiding Commissioner, is focused on getting to know the citizens of Greene County. To accomplish such, he will embark on a town hall type meeting tour throughout the county, titled “Re-envisioning Government”.

“This is my first year as the Presiding Commissioner of Greene County, and a main focus of mine is meeting citizens and sharing with them my vision for the county and listening to their concerns,” said Cirtin. “Our citizens are our most important asset, and I want them to know that their voice is heard and that their input is valuable to me and my fellow Commissioners.”

The “Re-envisioning Government” tour stops will be held from 7:00 pm-8:30 pm.

* September 21: Ash Grove Library – Community Room – 101 E. Main St., Ash Grove
* September 22: Willard Library – Community Room – 304 E. Jackson St., Willard
* September 29: Walnut Grove City Hall – Recreation Center – 101 S. Washington Ave.,  Walnut Grove
* October 1: Fair Grove Library – Community Room – 81 S. Orchard Blvd., Fair Grove
* October 5: Republic Library – Large Community Room – 821 N. Lindsey Ave., Republic
* October 6: Strafford Library – Community Room – 101 S. State Hwy 125, Strafford

Light refreshments will be served at each location. No registration is required. The meeting agenda will begin with a brief introduction by Presiding Commissioner Cirtin and then include a time for open discussion in which citizens can ask questions about the county, Voice their concerns or share their input on ways to enhance or improve the county’s services.

Supporters of Greene County Extension are being asked to attend one of these special Commissioner events listed below and express their support for Greene County Extension and our programs.

Friday, August 14, 2015

Developing a Mineral Program for My Cattle

Q:  I’m looking for some help in developing a mineral program for my cow herd and wondered what was best for our area? Specifically, if there is commercial off-the-shelf offerings that would be sufficient or if there should be a custom mix put together. Thanks. -- B.T., Ash Grove, Mo.

Answered by Eldon Cole, livestock specialist with University of Missouri Extension

Normally I feel there are few instances in which a "special" mineral mix would be necessary. Every feed company has a variety to choose from.  Seldom do you need the high dollar mineral.  Salt is the primary mineral they like and need for the sodium in it.  I would want the mineral to have at least 20 to 25% salt in it.  Phosphorus levels in the 6% range should be adequate if you're feeding decent hay or pasture.  Phosphorus will also come from concentrate supplements like distillers grains.

The trace minerals should run 1500 parts per million on copper, 3500 ppm on zinc and 12 ppm on selenium.  They may not be necessary but most dealers say they are in their supplements.

Finally minerals often have other ingredients contained in them such as fly controls, antibiotics, mystery items to combat fescue toxicosis.  The latter is usually not effective so I'd just buy a mineral for the true mineral ingredients.

If you have questions please call me at 417-466-3102.

Eldon Cole
Livestock Specialist
University of Missouri Extension
Courthouse, P.O. Box 388
Mt. Vernon, MO  65712
(417) 466-3102

Friday, July 17, 2015

Tickets on Sale Now for 2nd Annual “Salute to Century Farms” and Benefit Auction in Greene County Sept. 28

Contact: David Burton, civic communication specialist
County Program Director - Greene County
Tel: (417) 881-8909
E-mail: burtond@missouri.edu

SPRINGFIELD, Mo. -- Put on your jeans and boots and celebrate our agricultural heritage in an historical setting as we honor the newest Century Farms in Greene County. The second annual “Salute to Century Farms” will be held from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. on Monday, Sept. 28 at the Round Barn Event Center along Clear Creek, 10731 W. US Hwy 160, Walnut Grove.

The event location is historically known as the Octagonal Barn and is located 3.5 miles east of Ash Grove on Hwy. 160 (northwest of Springfield). The barn was built in 1880 and is probably the earliest polygonal or round barn in Missouri. It is the largest known barn of its type in the state and is the only one with full stone wall construction.

During the event, Greene County Extension will also honor the newest “Century Farms.” Farms in Greene County being recognized this year include the following. The 68-acre Luther and Alice Wallis Farm founded in 1913 and now owned by Robert and Marcia Harralson, Springfield. The 229-acre McAdoo - Helfrecht - Lindsey Farm near Willard founded in 1880 by Dr. Joseph McAdoo and now owned by Charles and Suzanne Lindsey, Springfield. The 260-acre Whitesell Farm near Bois D’Arc founded in 1879 by John Whitesell and G.W.Haynie and now owned by Jim Whitesell of Ash Grove.

Musical entertainment will be provided by Judy Domeny Bowen of Rogersville. The majority of her traditional folksong repertoire comes from the Ozark song collections of Max Hunter and Vance Randolph.  When presenting her farm program, audience members hear stories of her farm animals and songs about gardening, cutting wood, auctions, milking cows, and buying expensive equipment which strikes a chord with anyone who has ever experienced rural living.

Attendees will also be treated to a full meal provided by Maggie Mae’s Catering from Miller.

Judy Domeny Bowen will also conduct a live auction of selected art, gift cards, farm related items and two Yeti coolers. All proceeds from the event will benefit Greene County Extension.

This event is made possible by these sponsors. Our media sponsor is KOLR/KOZL. Our gold level sponsors are Old Missouri Bank and the Greene County Soil and Water Conservation District. Our silver level sponsor is CoxHealth and our bronze level sponsors are Race Brothers Farm Supply and PFI Western Wear. Old Missouri Bank is our named sponsor for the meal.

Advance tickets are required and cost $25 per person. Tickets can be purchased at the Greene County Extension office or with a check or credit card using various tickets options online at http://extension.missouri.edu/greene. For more information, call the MU Extension office in Greene County at (417) 881-8909.
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PHOTOS AVAILABLE FOR USE WITH THIS STORY
Century Farm logo: https://flic.kr/p/vRjvHq
Round Barn exterior: https://flic.kr/p/w9mCzX
Round Barn interior: https://flic.kr/p/vc4YvV

Monday, July 13, 2015

Free eXtension Online Webinar Series Beginning July 15 to Focus on Drone Use in Agriculture

Contact: Bob Schultheis, natural resource engineering specialist
Headquartered in Webster County
Tel: (417) 859-2044
E-mail: schultheisr@missouri.edu

SPRINGFIELD, Mo. – An eXtension webinar series that begins at 2 p.m. CST, July 15 will provide an overview of unmanned aerial systems in agriculture, along with a preview of future directions and information on how to get involved with this area of opportunity in agriculture.

The UAS webinar may be viewed at https://learn.extension.org/events/2153#.VZVc9KMo6Uk.

The series is being presented by the Unmanned Aircraft Systems in Agriculture Learning Network for eXtension.org, which is an Internet-based collaborative environment where Land Grant University content providers exchange objective, research-based knowledge to solve real challenges in real time.

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), which some people refer to as drones, may save farmers time and money with bird’s-eye views of farmland, said Bob Schultheis, a natural resource engineering specialist with University of Missouri Extension in Webster County.

“The uses are as varied as Missouri farmland. Entomologists may find the devices helpful for scouting of pests. UAVs can collect information on plants that have grown to heights that make it difficult to walk through rows,” said Schultheis. “Farmers could even use the unmanned devices to document conditions when applying for government programs like crop insurance.

A 2013 report by the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International predicts the UAS global market to reach $140 billion over the next decade. The report also said that agriculture would make up 80 percent of the potential commercial market for the devices.

The webinars will introduce the world of unmanned aircraft systems and their potential uses, along with how to use the devices and any legal issues that could apply. As seen in other fields, the sky is the limit for UAS use in agriculture.

While the webinar series will be targeted to extension agents taking the information to the fields, Dharmendra Saraswat, associate professor of geospatial technology at Purdue University, said the webinar series also targets the farmer and those wanting to learn more about the technology.

“It is not restricted to extension agents alone,” said Saraswat. “It will target farmers who are technology savvy. Our target is also youth. We would like to engage 4H youth and any other youth groups who would like to learn about this technology.”

The webinar series begins with an overview and intro to UAS on July 15 at 2 p.m. CST. The remaining installments will be released on a near monthly basis over the next year.

The Unmanned Aircraft Systems webinars, offered at no charge to the viewer, can be found at https://learn.extension.org/events/2153#.VZVc9KMo6Uk
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Friday, June 19, 2015

Resources to Help Those Facing Flooding Concerns

As the flood waters recede, lots of folks are going to find water damage in places they may not have seen it before. The following resources can help with recovery efforts.

Resources for Your Flooded Home
http://extension.missouri.edu/p/MP904

Mold control
http://extension.missouri.edu/webster/mold-control.aspx

MU Extension flood resources
http://extension.missouri.edu/main/DisplayCategory.aspx?C=259

Contact me if you have any questions.

Bob Schultheis
Natural Resource Engineering Specialist / CPD
University of Missouri Extension Center - Webster County
800 S. Marshall St., Marshfield, MO 65706
Phone:  417-859-2044
E-mail: schultheisr@missouri.edu
Web: extension.missouri.edu/webster

Tuesday, June 16, 2015

Is that a sinkhole in my back yard?

Q: Over time, I have noticed an area of my backyard that keeps getting lower. I'm concerned about sinkholes in our area because of the number of caves we have in this area. There is a large sinkhole in a nearby field even. Who do I contact for help in determining if there is a sinkhole forming in my back yard. -- M.B., Republic, Mo.

Answered by Bob Schultheis, natural resource engineering specialist with University of Missouri Extension. Schultheis is headquartered in Webster County and can be reached by telephone at (417) 859-2044 or by email at schultheisr@missouri.edu.

In Greene County, these questions can be referred to the Resource Management Department at http://www.greenecountymo.org/resource_management/staff.php, which maintains a GIS record of all known sinkhole locations.


As a second contact, or in counties other than Greene, landowners can contact the MoDNR's Geological Survey Program at Rolla, MO at http://dnr.mo.gov/geology/geosrv/envgeo/sinkholes.htm or call 573-368-2100. They are good about timely follow-up to concerned landowners.

It is also possible to do some research on your own using the GeoStrat program at http://dnr.mo.gov/geology/geosrv/

Tuesday, June 09, 2015

Duckweed and Lagoons: Your Questions Answered

Contact: Bob Schultheis, natural resource engineering specialist
Headquartered in Webster County
Tel: (417) 859-2044
E-mail: schultheisr@missouri.edu

Q: In May, our family moved into a rural home with a lagoon septic system.  In the short time the house was empty, the duckweed completely covered the lagoon.  Can you tell me what steps I can take to bring the duckweed back under control?

A: First, confirm if the plants are filamentous algae (http://mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/filamentous-green-algae-moss-pond-scum) or duckweed and watermeal (http://mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/duckweeds-watermeal). If it’s the former, the lagoon is operating normally. If it’s the latter, then it needs to be removed for the lagoon to operate properly.

Duckweed and watermeal are difficult to control. The Missouri Department of Conservation aquaguide at http://mdc.mo.gov/sites/default/files/resources/2010/05/4889_2842.pdf gives instructions for chemical control of the plants. Reward (active ingredient is diquat) is most often suggested because it is least expensive. But we are seeing limited success with it on watermeal. The products below are more expensive, but provide better control. Usually more than one application is needed. Unlike ponds, it’s best to treat the whole water surface to kill the plants. Adding a septic tank ahead of the lagoon (if it doesn’t already have one) will lessen the nutrient load on the lagoon and lengthen the time before the duckweed might reappear.

Herbicide product labels and example prices



You can also skim the duckweed from the surface and compost it or feed it to livestock, but you have to be sure to remove it all (don’t leave any on the lagoon bank where it can wash back in) or it will usually repopulate the lagoon within a month.

Our lagoon guide at http://extension.missouri.edu/p/WQ402 gives more management tips.

None of these are restricted-use herbicides, so no license is required to purchase them.

For a typical 1,400 sq.ft. lagoon with a 3 ft. water depth and using Sonar RTU, you would need [1,400 sq.ft./(43,560 sq.ft. per acre x 0.5) x (3 ft. x 0.33 avg. depth) x 64 oz. per  half acre] = 4 oz. of chemical for the first application, and 2 oz. each for application #2 and #3.
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Thursday, June 04, 2015

Introducing Maggie Black: New Office Manager for Greene County Extension

Contact: David Burton, civic communication specialist
Tel: (417) 881-8909
E-mail: burtond@missouri.edu

SPRINGFIELD, Mo. -- This profile of an office manager for a county extension office is part of an on-going series designed to inform area media and the public about extension staff in southwest Missouri.

Name/title: Maggie Black, office manager

Headquartered: Headquartered in Greene County

Education Background: Maggie is a proud graduate of Willard High School in Willard, Mo. After graduation, she attended Draughon Business College for Medical Office Management, and recently attended Ozark Technical Community College and graduated as a Hearing Instrument Specialist.

Relevant experience:  Maggie has 30 years of experience in medical and dental office management as well as owning her own personal assisting business. “I have always strived to be a professional and positive representation of the group or individual I work for and will be for the Greene County Extension,” said Maggie.

Job Responsibilities: Maggie’s primary responsibility is to be a good first impression of Greene County Extension when the community comes to the office or calls. “After all, you never get a second chance to make a first impression,” said Maggie. She is also a support member to all the staff as well as doing the financials, preparing soil samples, and general office duties to make the office flow smoothly and efficiently.

Why did you want to work with Greene County Extension? “The Greene County Extension office is such an important part of our community. The resources it offers is vital to our area, and I am proud to be a part of the team,” said Maggie.

What are some goals you have for the coming year? “I am looking forward to being a participant in the Great Game of Business.  I am also spreading the word about what Extension does and how it can be of help to everyone. There is a lot to learn so I am jumping in feet first and absorbing as much as possible. I want to be an asset to Extension and the communities it serves,” said Maggie.

Where are we most likely to see you in your spare time? “I am usually in a canoe on the river or in my flower and vegetable gardens. I have two grandsons who are the joy of my life with whom I spend as much free time as possible. They love the beautiful Botanical Gardens, so we use all it has to offer including the fabulous butterfly house and very kid-friendly park. I am also an amateur artist,” said Maggie.  

Contact Information: Maggie Black can be reached at the Greene County Extension Center by telephone at 417-881-8909 or via e-mail blackmag@missouri.edu.


Thursday, May 28, 2015

Lorri Winters Departs Greene County Extension After 10 Years

June 1 will be Lorri Winter’s last day as office manager for Greene County Extension. After 10 years, she is starting a new chapter in her career/life by pursuing other options.

“During this time, Lorri has managed our office, maintained our  financial records, answered customer calls, worked with clients to enroll in classes, worked with members of Master Gardeners program, and operated our office during the frequent absence of the specialists,” said David Burton, county program director. “Lorri has been an ambassador for extension with the park board. She has a natural ability to talk with strangers and make people feel comfortable. She will be missed.”

Maggie Black, a resident of Ozark and member of Friends of the Garden, will begin working as the Greene County Extension Administrative Assistant on May 27. She has 30 years of clerical experience and is looking forward to learning more about MU Extension, meeting clients, and learning new things, including how to package a soil test!

Extension staff are hosting a private going away lunch for Lorri on May 28. Members of the public have until May 29 to wish her well.