Thursday, July 24, 2014

28 Farms in Southwest Missouri Named Century Farms

Contact: David Burton, civic communication specialist
County Program Director - Greene County
Tel: (417) 881-8909
E-mail: burtond@missouri.edu

SPRINGFIELD, Mo. – The Missouri Century Farm Program annually recognizes Missouri farms that are still productive and have been in the same family for 100 years or more. The newest additions to the Century Farm list were announced in mid-July and included 28 farms in southwest Missouri.

A complete listing of all 2014 Missouri Century Farms, including the names of all honored families, is available online at http://extension.missouri.edu/centuryfarm. A listing specific to southwest Missouri can be found at http://extension.missouri.edu/greene.

SOUTHWEST MISSOURI HONOREES

The following is a list of new Century Farms in southwest Missouri, organized by county, showing the primary contact for the Century Farm nomination, original owners, relationship to current owners, the acreage qualifying and the year it was first farmed by the family:

Barry County
Duane Kaiser, John D. Buchholz and Aguste Buchholz, great-grandparents, 80, 1914.
Mike Washick, John Washick, great-grandfather, 80, 1884.

Barton County
Paul Crabtree, Samuel William Crabtree, great-great-grandfather, 160, 1881.

Christian County
Daniel R Garbee, John Herring, great-great-grandfather, 80, 1882.
Christi Fairchild, Theodore S. Shelton, great-great-uncle of Christi and Cami and Peter T. Shelton, great-great-great-grandfather of Christi and Cami, 80, 1881.
Casi Pinegar, Matthew Duff McCroskey, great-great-grandfather of William and Macanna and great-great-great-grandfather of Christi, Cami, Casi, Scott, Jason & Melinda, 197, 1848.
Christi Fairchild, William Robert McCroskey, grandfather of William and great-grandfather of Christi, Cami, and Casi, 80, 1905.

Dade County
M Louise Rush, Elwood and Agnes Rush, grandparents, 240, 1897.

Dallas County
James A. Robberson, E.P. Vaughn, great-grandfather, 80, 1880.

Douglas County
Richard L Baxter, Simon Lakey, great-great-grandfather, 88, 1857.
Jenny Conradi Johns, Isaiah Porter Henson, grandfather, 160, 1914.
Scott Huffman , Edward B. Talley, great-great-grandfather, 40, 1872.
Glenda Lee, William King Paris Lee, husband's grandfather, 286, 1914.

Greene County
Charles A. Buckner, W.F. Buckner, grandfather, 60, 1914.

Jasper County
Robert Rees, Freeman & Sarah Rees, great-grandparents, 240, 1905.

McDonald County
Harvey L. Price, W. C. Price, great-grandfather, 44, 1879.

Newton County
Dale Jasumback, Frank & Anna Jasumback, grandparents, 60, 1914.
Regina Hembree, A.F. Lankford, great-great-grandfather, 40, 1910.

Ozark County
Nay Allen, J.D. Allen, grandfather, 130, 1914.
Megan Bruffett, Stagner, W.S. Mahan, great-uncle, 80, 1907.

Polk County
Wyatt Long, Lafayette J. Mitchell, great-grandfather of Karen Long's Grandma (Betty Mitchell), 80, 1892.
Warren Eagon G.B. Eagon, grandfather, 40, 1907.
Gary McGinnis, Sarah Scroggins, great-great-grandmother, 177, 1904.

Stone County
Thomas G. (Tom) Wiley, Almon Maben (A.M) Wiley, great-grandfather, 180, 1914.

Taney County
Dwayne Rossner, Edward Rossner – Grandfather, 153, 1913.
Joseph Sant Smith II, Robert Smith, great-grandfather, 206, 1871.

Texas County
Betty Carlson, George Wm Waters, grandfather, 133, 1911.

Webster County
Carmen Boring, Sandford & Rosa Borin, grandparents, 73, 1911.

PROGRAM HISTORY

In 2008, the Missouri Farm Bureau joined MU Extension and the MU College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources as a program sponsor. Applicants certified as owners of a Missouri Century Farm are recognized by the MU Extension center in the county where the farm is located. Applicants are presented with a sign and a certificate at various county events.

Since Missouri began the program in 1976, more than 8,000 century farms have been recognized. To qualify for Century Farm status, a single family must have owned the farm for 100 consecutive years. The line of ownership from the original settler or buyer may be through children, grandchildren, siblings, and nephews or nieces, including through marriage or adoption. The farm must be at least 40 acres of the original land acquisition and make a financial contribution to the overall farm income.

For application forms and information, call MU Extension Publications toll-free at 1-800-292-0969, contact your local MU Extension center or visit the program website at http://extension.missouri.edu/centuryfarm.
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Scout Fields Now for Deadly Ergot

Contact: Sarah Kenyon, agronomy specialist
Headquartered in Texas County
Tel: (417) 967-4545  
E-mail: kenyons@missouri.edu

HOUSTON, Mo. -- Ergot has been reported in several hayfields and pastures across southwest Missouri according to University of Missouri Extension Agronomy Specialist, Sarah Kenyon.

“Death can occur when livestock consume large amounts of ergot. That is why I urge farmers to scout their fields now to determine if this pest is present,” said Kenyon.

Ergot is an airborne fungus that affects grass seed heads.  Wet, cool weather followed by high heat and humidity create ideal conditions for ergot growth.

This fungal infection creates hard ergot bodies in the seed of grasses.  The ergot bodies look like mouse droppings and are visible in the seed head of cereal grains like barley, oats, wheat, triticale and rye, as well as common grasses such as timothy, perennial ryegrass and tall fescue.

“When livestock consume ergot they appeared to suffer from extreme heat stress,” said Kenyon.

Cattle may seek relief in the shade or stand in water.  Other symptoms might include rapid breathing, sloughing of the switches of tails and tips of ears, abortion, and decreased milk production. Livestock deaths may result when livestock consume large quantities.

Ergot produces alkaloid compounds that are toxic to livestock and humans.  The toxins constrict blood vessels, increasing respiration rates, raising core body temperatures, and limiting blood supply to the extremities.

Ergotism can be confused with fescue foot or fescue toxicosis because the symptoms are similar.  However, ergot bodies (the ones that look like mouse droppings) have a thousand times more toxic alkaloids than those of fescue toxicosis.  Because the toxin concentration is so much more, the animal symptoms appear quicker and are much more pronounced.

“If ergot is observed, producers should immediately move livestock from infected fields,” said Kenyon. “Producers may also consider feeding other sources of feed to dilute the amount of ergot that is consumed.  Farmers should also inspect the hay for ergot bodies.  If the hay is infested, it can be destroyed or diluted with other feeds.”

Ergot alkaloids are toxic to many species, including other ruminants, llamas and alpacas, horses, and even swine, dogs and humans eating infected grains.  Ergot poisoning has also been linked to human epidemics in the Middle Ages.

“The alkaloid toxins in ergot are chemically related to LSD, and some scientists suggest that bread made from infected rye may have played a role in the 17th-century witch trials in Salem, Mass., and even the French Revolution,” said Kenyon.

For more information, contact any of these MU Extension agronomy specialists in southwest Missouri: Tim Schnakenberg in Stone County, (417) 357-6812; Jill Scheidt in Barton County, (417) 682-3579; John Hobbs in McDonald County, (417) 223-4775 or Sarah Kenyon in Texas County, (417) 967-4545.
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PHOTOS AVAILABLE TO ILLUSTRATE THIS STORY:
Ergot bodies are dark elongated growth on grass seeds and look like mouse droppings.
Photo 1: https://www.flickr.com/photos/muextension417/14723095034/
Photo 2: https://www.flickr.com/photos/muextension417/14725468415/


MU Extension and Taney County SBTDC Partners with Ozark Chamber of Commerce and Carl Hefner Enterprise Center to Provide On-site Small Business Counseling

Contact: Chrystal Irons, business development specialist
Headquartered at the Taney County Extension Center
Tel: (417) 546-4431
E-mail: ironsc@missouri.edu

OZARK, Mo. – University of Missouri Extension and the Taney County Small Business and Technology Development Center (SBTDC) have partnered with the Ozark Chamber and the Carl G. Hefner Enterprise Center to provide free one-on-one counseling to local businesses and aspiring entrepreneurs in Ozark.

MU Extension Business Development Specialist Chrystal Irons began offering free business counseling services on Wednesday, July 23 and then the third Wednesday of each month from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., at the Carl G. Hefner Enterprise Center, 1471 W South Street.

Appointments for business counseling should be made by contacting Karen Roberts with the Ozark Chamber of Commerce at (417) 581-6139, or by email at: info@OzarkChamber.com

The free, one-on-one business counseling services from MU Extension and SBTDC are being offered to local businesses in an effort to support business growth and development.

“I provide service in multiple counties. But this new opportunity will allow me to be more accessible to local Ozark businesses that cannot make the trip to my office in Forsyth during business hours,” said Irons. “Our goal is to attract business clients and increase the frequency of on-site counseling as more businesses are aware of the services provided by MU Extension and the Missouri SBTDC.”

Dori Grinder, executive director of the Ozark Chamber of Commerce, has been working with Irons to make this opportunity available.

“We are proud to partner with MU Extension and the SBTDC to bring this type of personal business counseling to the residents and businesses of Ozark. This free service is appropriate for existing businesses, and also those who are looking to start a new business in town. I hope business owners and aspiring entrepreneurs will take advantage of this opportunity to learn what it takes to make their business a success.” said Grinder.

The Ozark Chamber of Commerce manages the Carl G. Hefner Enterprise Center, which is a business incubator. This new endeavor is a business support center that accelerates the successful development of new and growing companies. Working together with the Ozark Chamber of Commerce, the mission of the Carl G. Hefner Enterprise Center is to create jobs and stimulate local economic growth by developing and strengthening entrepreneurial success through the cultivation of local enterprises that generate a positive impact in our community.

University of Missouri Extension and the Missouri Small Business Development Centers work with small businesses to provide individualized counseling, training workshops and online resource that help existing businesses grow and prosper and new businesses get started successfully.  Business development specialists use their expertise to help Missouri businesses with critical business development issues. Guidance addressing topics such as management, marketing and strategic planning is available. They also can provide capitalization information for new and existing businesses. All counseling is confidential; most services are available at no charge (subsidized by our funding partners like the Small Business Administration).

For more information go online to http://extension.missouri.edu.
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Be Sure You Are Packing Healthy Sack Lunches

Contact: Tammy Roberts
Nutrition and Health Education Specialist
Telephone: 660.679.4167

BUTLER, Mo. -- What a child eats impacts their learning and behavior, as well as growth and development.

That is why Tammy Roberts, nutrition and health education specialist with University of Missouri Extension, says it is important to provide a healthy variety when packing a child’s school lunch.

“Lunch that a child takes to school should include a good source of protein, a good source of calcium, grains and a fruit or a vegetable,” said Roberts.

Roberts recommends letting children help make the decision about what goes in their lunch.

“Let them choose from a list of healthful foods. Have them help you prepare it,” said Roberts.

Lunch preparation can be easier if most of the ingredients such as dried fruit, crackers and pretzels are individually packaged on the weekend.

For the grain choice, remember children need whole grains too.

“There is now white bread that is actually whole grain. Other whole wheat choices could include crackers, pita and tortillas,” said Roberts.

Protein foods could be a lean meat, tuna, or peanut butter. The possibilities for fruits and vegetables are endless according to Roberts.

“Vegetables with dip are always a hit. Dried fruit can be a good alternative and yogurt and cheese are great calcium options,” said Roberts.

It is also possible to get several food groups into one entrée according to Roberts.

For example, try a lean ham sandwich on a bagel with low fat cream cheese, grated carrots, and a slice of pineapple. Another option would be a pasta salad with cheese chunks, fresh vegetables, grapes and sunflower seeds.

“Keep in mind that kids like to trade their food so try to send things you know your child will not want to trade,” said Roberts.

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Tips and Rules for Making Back to School Lunches Healthy

Contact: Cammie Younger, nutrition and health specialist
Headquartered in Texas County
Tel: (417) 967-4545  
E-mail: youngerc@missouri.edu

HOUSTON, Mo. -- Many students in the Ozarks are starting school this week, some for the first time.  University of Missouri Extension Nutrition and Health Education Specialist, Cammie Younger, says the connection between healthy food choices and learning cannot be overstated.

“Research clearly indicates the collaboration of proper nutrients and the ability to learn and develop at a healthy level,” said Younger.

According to Younger, school lunch programs have worked hard in the past few years to improve the nutritional value of the meals served to students.  However, many parents and students prefer to pack a lunch filled with their favorite choices.

Tricks to ensure a healthy lunch include: allowing children to help prepare the food to be packed and giving children several healthy food choices to pick which ones they would like for the day.

“Make the choice between things like carrot sticks, grape tomatoes, or sliced cumbers for their vegetable and maybe a choice of an apple, banana, or blueberries for a fruit,” said Younger. “This will help support the rule of making half of a meal consist of fruits and vegetables.”

Another school lunch box rule to focus on would be to include a dairy product.  Choices like flavored milk, string cheese or cheese cubes, yogurt or “go-gurt” seem to be things kids enjoy and are packed with nutrients.

These foods along with foods from the protein and grain group (like a turkey or peanut butter sandwich on whole wheat bread) will give kids a well-balanced meal in the middle of the day. Younger says this will refuel their brains for the learning power needed in afternoon classes.

“Another important tool for success in packing school lunch boxes is to remember the rules of food safety,” said Younger.

Make sure children follow proper hand washing techniques: washing with warm soapy water for at least 20 seconds and adequately rinsing and drying their hands before handling food products, food prep surfaces, and storage containers.

“Also remember to wash fresh fruits and vegetable before they are packed. Train children to use a clean insulated lunch box and add an ice pack or a frozen bottle of water to ensure food stays at the proper temperature until ready for use,” said Younger.

Schools mornings are typically rushed so a time management tool Younger suggests is to prepare lunch boxes the evening before when the family is not as rushed.

“Store the prepared lunch box in the refrigerator and it will be ready to grab and go giving the kids the best opportunity to enjoy a safe healthy lunch that they helped prepare,” said Younger. “A well-balanced diet is an incredible tool in assuring healthy child development.   These lunch box rules and tips can play an important part in reaching this every day goal.”

For more information on nutrition contact one of the following nutrition specialists: Dr. Lydia Kaume in Barton County, (417) 682-3579; Dr. Pam Duitsman, in Greene County, (417) 881-8909; or Cammie Younger in Texas County, (417) 967-4545. Information is also available online http://extension.missouri.edu.
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Preserving Saves Garden Bounty for a Cold Winter Night

Contact: Tammy Roberts
Nutrition and Health Education Specialist
Telephone: 660-679-4167
E-mail: robertstt@missouri.edu  

BUTLER, Mo. -- There’s nothing like a summer meal with vegetables fresh from the garden.

“But when the vegetables are getting ripe faster than you can eat them, save them for a cold winter night when you can’t go harvest them from the garden,” said Tammy Roberts, nutrition and health education specialist, University of Missouri Extension.

To assure the foods are at optimal quality, they should be canned, frozen or dried according to Roberts.

CANNING

The process of canning heats foods to temperatures that inactivate enzymes and destroy microorganisms that could cause illness or food spoilage.

During the canning process, the heat forces the air out of the jar and then as the jar cools, a vacuum seal is formed. This seal prevents air, which can contain microorganisms, from getting back into the food.

Boiling water canning is recommended only for jams, jellies, fruit, tomatoes and pickles. All other vegetables, meat and poultry should be processed in a pressure canner.

In pressure canning, there is some loss of vitamins and minerals because of the high levels of heat. Some of the vitamins and minerals are lost in the fluid in the jar. Using the fluid helps assure maximum nutrient value of the food.

FREEZING

Freezing foods stops the growth of microorganisms but does not destroy them.

Enzymes are proteins produced by the cell of the plant. One thing enzymes are responsible for is the maturing of the fruit of the plant. Enzymes must be inactivated before foods are frozen to prevent undesirable changes in flavor, color and texture.

This is achieved by blanching for a specified amount of time. If done correctly, this preservation process assures maximum nutrient retention in the food.

DRYING

Drying is one of the oldest methods of food preservation. The process of drying removes the moisture from the food so that microorganisms cannot grow and spoil the food.

Some commonly eaten dried foods include jerky, fruit leathers and fruit pieces.

The only equipment needed is a dehydrator or an oven. Vitamins A and C can be lost in this process but there is a process called sulfuring to help prevent the vitamin loss.

One good thing about dried foods is they are lightweight and use a small area for storage space.    

MORE INFORMATION

There are many things to consider when deciding how to preserve your food. For all methods of food preservation, you need equipment.

“In making a decision about how to preserve your food, consider the equipment required, the preparation and processing times, the nutrient value of the foods and the convenience of preparation for you after the food has been preserved,” said Roberts.  

For more information contact Tammy Roberts by telephone at (660) 679-4167 or by e-mail at robertstt@missouri.edu.
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Scout for Podworms in Blooming Soybeans

Contact: Jill Scheidt, agronomy specialist
Headquartered in Barton County
PHONE: 417-682-3579
EMAIL: scheidtjk@missouri.edu

LAMAR, Mo. -- Jill Scheidt, agronomy specialist with University of Missouri Extension in Barton County, scouted fields south of Lockwood near Hwy. 97on July 23 for the crop scouting program. Scheidt offers this advice from the field.

CORN

Corn is in the milk stage and should enter the soft dough stage soon.

“Very little Japanese beetles and corn earworms were seen in corn. Corn earworm feed at the tip of the ear while other worms like armyworms feed near the middle or base of the ear. Any injury to the ear will make the ear more susceptible to disease,” said Scheidt.

A video from Scheidt about scouting for corn earworms is available online at: http://youtu.be/QdIrISeuJoo.

SOYBEANS

Soybeans are in the third trifoliate and bloom stage, pods should begin to form soon.

“Monitor blooming soybeans for podworms. Podworms are many different colors and can have longitude stripes; to differentiate between other worms, look for black dots all over the body, this is an identifier of podworm,” said Scheidt.

Threshold levels are 1 per foot of row or when 5 percent or more pods are damaged.

“Not much insect feeding was seen,” said Scheidt.

Threshold levels for all foliage feeding insects in soybeans are 30% defoliation before bloom and 20 percent defoliation during or after bloom.

Scheidt says soybean cyst nematodes were found in one field.

“If there is an area of stunted growth, pull up a plant and examine the roots for small circular growths, looking like miniature nodules- these are soybean cyst nematodes,” said Scheidt.

These parasites can severely stunt growth and reduce yields. In order to manage SCN, rotate with non-host crops like corn, wheat or sorghum and control weeds.

MORE INFORMATION

The weekly field scouting report is sponsored by University of Missouri Extension and Barton County Extension. For more information on this scouting report, or to learn how to receive it a week earlier by telephone, contact the MU Extension Center in Barton County, (417) 682-3579.
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Annie's Project 10th Anniversary Celebration Sept. 19-20 at Lake of the Ozarks will Honor Missouri Farm Women

Contact: Wesley Tucker, agriculture business specialist
Headquartered in Polk County
Tel: (417) 326-4916
E-mail: tuckerw@missouri.edu

BOLIVAR, Mo. -- Annie's Project in Missouri is celebrating 10 years of empowering farm women to be better managers and owners of their farming operations.

“For past Annie's Project graduates, the celebration is a chance to reunite. For those new to Annie's Project, this is an opportunity to learn about the program and people,” said Wesley Tucker, agriculture business specialist with University of Missouri Extension.

The celebration will take place in early fall at a two-day conference on Sept. 19-20 in the Lake of the Ozarks area.

“Throughout the course of our Annie’s Project programs we have had several women expressing the desire for a conference where they could meet other farm women from across the state,” said Mary Sobba, agribusiness specialist and Annie’s Project Co-State Coordinator. “This is another great forum for women in agriculture to get together to learn about the business of farming and network with others in like situations.”

Some of the Midwest’s top agriculture professionals will be featured at the conference.

The September conference will feature Jerry Crownover, Teddy Gentry, and John Baker. Jerry Crownover, beef producer and humorist, will be the Friday night keynote speaker. Teddy Gentry, vocalist and bass guitarist for the band Alabama and founder of South Poll Cattle Breed, will discuss matching cattle to your environment. John Baker, attorney and administrator of the Iowa State University Beginning Farmer Center, will discuss how to treat heirs fairly when only one is taking over the farm.

Other topics covered at the events will include the 2014 farm bill, financial statements –beyond the basics, financing your farm, market outlook, climate trends, livestock production, and crop, forage, and livestock insurance.

"We invite all Missouri farm women, whether or not they've participated in Annie's Project, to these celebrations," says Karisha Devlin, agribusiness specialist and Annie’s Project Co-State Coordinator. "We want to honor all Missouri farm women for their roles in agriculture, connect women with each other, and raise awareness of agricultural risk management."

Registration, which covers the costs of meals, breaks and conference materials, is only $35. The complete program agenda and registration online can be found online at http://extension.missouri.edu/annie or by calling the Polk County Extension Center at 417-326-4916.

The Annie’s Project 10 Year Celebration Events are partially funded by a grant through the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Risk Management Agency and is sponsored by Farm Credit, along with University of Missouri Extension and National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA).
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Small Farmers Can Learn About Production of Rabbits, Poultry, Swine, Beef and Goats Aug. 6 in Mt. Vernon

CONTACT: Nahshon Bishop, a small farm specialist
Lincoln University Cooperative Extension
Tel: (417) 846-3948
Email: bishop@lincolnu.edu

MT. VERNON, Mo. -- Lincoln University Cooperative Extension is hosting an animal production workshop for small farmers in southwest Missouri. This free workshop will look at the commercial production of rabbits, pastured poultry, swine, beef and goats.

“Commercial Animal Production for Small Farmers” will be held from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m., Aug. 6 at the Southwest Research Center in Mt. Vernon.

Individuals planning to attend this workshop must complete a registration form that is available online at http://extension.missouri.edu/greene.

A number of different speakers will cover a variety of topics following a free lunch. Robin Farmer will speak on the topic of rabbit production. Another guest speaker will address the topic of “Poultry Production.”

“Sheep and Goat Production” will be presented by Charlotte Clifford-Rathert, DVM. “Swine Production” will be presented by David Middleton. The “Beef Production” topic will be addressed by Randy Garrett and “Processing” will be covered by Robert Long of Golden City Meats.

For more information contact event organizer, Nahshon Bishop, a small farm specialist with Lincoln University Extension in southwest Missouri, by telephone at (417) 846-3948 or email at bishop@lincolnu.edu.
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Christian County Master Gardeners Offering Three Free Sessions on Gardening July 26 in Ozark

Contact: Dr. Gordon Carriker, agriculture business specialist
Headquartered in Christian County
Tel: (417) 581-3558
E-mail: carrikerg@missouri.edu

For Interviews contact: J.J. Leek at 417-581-6774  

OZARK, Mo. – Christian County Master Gardeners will present three free sessions on gardening from 1 p.m. to 4 p.m., Saturday, July 26 at the Ozark Community Center (OC), 1530 W. Jackson St., Ozark. Register to attend by calling the Christian County Extension office at 581-3558.

Program topics for the gardening event will address food preservation, mulching and watering and pest control.

Managing the Harvest – Master Gardeners Marla Hull and J.J. Leek will discuss how to preserve the bountiful produce picked from a garden. Instruction will include making simple relishes, pickles and freezer jellies and jams. Jennifer Nevatt, nutritional program associate with the Extension, will share canning recipes and techniques.

Mulching and Watering – Larry Martin, director of public works for Ozark, will share tips on mulching and watering to keep plants healthy during hot, dry weather.

Pest Control – Master Gardener Tom Bakie will discuss how to safely manage insect pests.

The Christian County Master Gardeners maintain the city’s demonstration garden, also at the OC. If you would like to help with the garden’s maintenance, call JJ Leek at 581-6774.

For more information on the Christian County Master Gardeners, its demonstration garden and its free public classes, contact J.J. Leek at 581-6774, or Jennifer Ailor at 581-4018.

To become a Master Gardener, contact Dr. Gordon Carriker, MU Extension specialist and advisor to the Christian County Master Gardeners at 581-3558.
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Sunday, July 20, 2014

Get Tickets Now for “Salute to Century Farms” in Greene County Sept. 30

Contact: David Burton, civic communication specialist
County Program Director - Greene County
Tel: (417) 881-8909
E-mail: burtond@missouri.edu

SPRINGFIELD, Mo. -- Put on your jeans and boots and come celebrate our agricultural heritage in an historical setting and help honor the Century Farms in Greene County. The first annual “Salute to Century Farms” will be held from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. on Tuesday, Sept. 30 at the Round Barn Event Center along Clear Creek, 10731 W. US Hwy 160, Walnut Grove.

The event location is historically known as the Octagonal Barn and is located 3.5 miles east of Ash Grove on Hwy. 160 (northwest of Springfield). The barn was built in 1880 and is probably the earliest polygonal or round barn in Missouri. It is the largest known barn of its type in the state and is the only one with full stone wall construction.

During the event, Greene County Extension will honor those being named “Century Farms” this year. An hour of musical entertainment will be provided by Acoustic Essays, a traditional bluegrass and classic country band that has played at many area venues including Silver Dollar City. Attendees will be treated to a full meal provided by Maggie Mae’s Catering from Miller.

Our guest speaker will be David Baker, assistant dean of agriculture extension at the University of Missouri. He will discuss the 100 year history of Cooperative Extension and the challenges facing family farms in the coming 15-20 years.

The evening will also include a silent auction on over $1,500 worth of merchandise. Items will be posted in advance of the event. All proceeds will benefit Greene County Extension.

This event is made possible by our media sponsors: News-Leader; Ozarks Farm and Neighbor Newspaper; KOLR/KOZL; Our Gold Level sponsor the Greene County Soil and Water Conservation District; and our silver level sponsors Old Missouri Bank and Cox Health Systems; and our bronze level sponsors: Race Brothers Farm Supply, Main Street Feeds and Fire & Ice Restaurant & Bar.

HONORED FARMS

Farms in Greene County being recognized as Century Farms include for 2014 are Charles and Katherine Buckner of Fair Grove. We will also recognize the 2013 farms at this year’s event: Robert and Mary Mays of Ash Grove; John and Doris Breakbill of Republic; and Warren D. Hardy Jr. of Rogersville.

Advance tickets are required and cost $25 per person. Tickets can be purchased at the Greene County Extension office or with a check or credit card using various tickets options at online at http://extension.missouri.edu/greene.

For 100 years, MU Extension has engaged Missourians in relevant programs based on University of Missouri research. The year 2014 marks the centennial of the Smith-Lever Act, which formalized the Cooperative Agricultural Extension Service, a national network whose purpose is to extend university-based knowledge beyond the campus.

University of Missouri Extension programs focus on the high-priority needs of Missourians. Each county extension center, with oversight by locally elected and appointed citizens, is your local link to practical education on almost anything. More information is available at http://extension.missouri.edu/greene or by calling the MU Extension office in Greene County at (417) 881-8909.
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Friday, July 18, 2014

“I’m More Alike Than Different,” Says 4-H Member

UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI EXTENSION
SOUTHWEST REGION NEWS SERVICE
Contact: David Burton, civic communication specialist
County Program Director - Greene County
Tel: (417) 881-8909
E-mail: burtond@missouri.edu

SPRINGFIELD, Mo. -- Jack Neidigh is member of the Sac River Stablemates 4-H Club in Greene County. He is also a 9-year old with both Down’s syndrome and autism.

Jack and his mother Lynn made a presentation to the Southwest Region Extension Council on June 24 inside the Springfield-Greene County Botanical Center, Springfield, Mo.

His presentation, “I am More Alike Than Different,” highlighted the difference in communication for Jack, who uses a tablet computer to speak.

The video of his presentation is available on YouTube at http://youtu.be/EWuxkq6qukM or can be accessed on the regional MU Extension channel at  http://www.youtube.com/MUExtension417.

WHY 4-H IS SPECIAL

Jack’s mother Lynn was in 4-H as a child growing up in Dallas County. But as a parent she says 4-H is important to her son and her entire family. One of those reasons is that 4-H helps to build a community for her children.

“With 4-H participation we are building an inclusive community and that is difficult to find when you are raising a child with a disability. Our society likes to do special things for them, and it’s my vision that he learn and live with all of us as my typical daughter does. And 4-H allows us to do that because there are the same kids in our 4-H group as the kids he goes to school with,” said Lynn.

Members of the Sac River Stablemates 4-H Club learn more about Jack and become more comfortable with his mannerisms. Lynn says they also learn how to support him and so that they can support him when he is in the community.

The second important thing for Jack is learning, and no organization does that better than 4-H according to Lynn.

“I have a master’s in education and I really believe 4-H. First of all, the experiential learning and learning by doing meets the needs of all children. It is not just reading, it is not just learning by listening but it’s learning by doing,” said Lynn. “4-H allows anyone to enter a project no matter their skills. It allows for self-directed learning and growing, and that is important.”

Lynn says the fact that 4-H curriculum doesn’t mandate an age for when a member learns something makes 4-H learning different than the typical education system.

“It’s self-directed and that’s what makes it fun. These factors are really important to us and it’s important to Jack because it really meets his learning style and needs. He can also learn at his own pace which really works for us because as you listen to Jack it takes him longer, and it takes a lot more practice than typical children,” said Lynn.

Overall, 4-H is exactly what the Neidigh family needs according to Lynn.

“So 4-H is important to Jack and to our family for those reasons. I encourage you all to continue to support it monetarily as well as with your own talents, whatever you have to give,” said Lynn.

MORE INFORMATION 

Missouri 4-H is University of Missouri Extension's youth development program. The 4-H program helps to create opportunities for young people to be valued, contributing members of their community. To learn more about 4-H -- the world’s largest youth-serving organization -- and how to get involved locally go online to http://mo4h.missouri.edu.

It is possible to support 4-H in Greene County by becoming a member of the “Friends of Greene County Extension.” Information is available online at http://extension.missouri.edu/greene.

Residents of southwest Missouri can contact any of these 4-H youth development specialists for  information: Karla Deaver in Lawrence County at (417) 466-3102; Monica Spittler in Taney County, (417) 546-5531; Bob McNary in Jasper County at (417) 358-2158; Jeremy Elliott-Engel in Newton County at (417) 455-9500 or Velynda Cameron in Polk County at (417) 326-4916.
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Hair Shedding in Cattle Influenced by Both Genetics and the Environment

FROM UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI EXTENSION
SOUTHWEST REGIONAL NEWS SERVICE
Contact: Eldon Cole, livestock specialist
Headquartered in Lawrence County
Tel: (417) 466-3102
E-mail: colee@missouri.edu

MT. VERNON, Mo. – It is summertime in the Ozarks and the temperature and humidity are rising.  That can spell trouble for beef cattle that still haven’t shed off their winter coats according to Eldon Cole, a livestock specialist with University of Missouri Extension.

Like most traits, hair shedding is influenced by both genetics and the environment.

“In fescue country where the wild type of endophyte is prevalent, it receives a lot of blame for long, heavy haircoats,” said Cole. “We’re learning more about cattle’s genetic relation to long hair and heat stress.  When you put it all together, the slow shedders result in lower rates of gain and reduced pregnancy rates.”

What can be done to get cattle to shed earlier before 80-degree weather arrives?

“You can be more observant and make an attempt to cull the slow shedders.  However, if a slow shedder breeds back promptly and raises a good calf hold on to her,” said Cole.

When selecting a sire, either for natural service or artificial insemination, consider the haircoat.  Cole says there are significant differences in haircoats and some AI companies rate that in their catalog.

“Bulls that shed slowly tend to be lazy in the breeding pasture in hot weather.  In addition, they could have lower quality semen during and after the heat stress period.  Recent work shows embryo quality and development could be affected by stress brought on by fescue toxins and high-body temperature,” said Cole.

According to Cole, these are also reasons why, under most situations, the spring-early summer breeding season should end in early July in hot fescue country.

SHEDDING EARLY

In 2014, a number of cattle producers have asked why their cattle have shed off earlier.  Some possible reasons could be that in the last few years selection pressure has eliminated some slow shedders.  Perhaps sire selection is starting to reap the benefits of easier shedding.

“From the environmental side, we had an unusually cold and snowy winter which could have resulted in more hair on the cattle so it doesn’t make sense they would shed easier.  The spring seemed to come slower this year which again is opposite to the logical thinking about shedding,” said Cole.

In addition, southwest Missouri fields have seen a bumper crop of white clover this year.  White clover and other legumes help dilute the fescue toxin so Cole says this may be part of the answer.

“Little by little, we’ve seen a loss of pure fescue in many pastures.  This loss of pure pasture may be why the legumes are flourishing since there is less competition from the fescue.  Naturally, as the fescue stand thins, cattle consume less of the toxin, ergovaline,” said Cole.

Many ideas have been proposed as to how to eliminate or minimize the fescue toxin stress problem.  Dilution with a non-toxic forage or supplement helps.  Dilution can be done with hay, concentrated feed like dried distillers grains, corn gluten feed or a commercially prepared feed.  So far, Cole says there is no miracle additive that combats fescue toxicity.

“I have some farmers who have resorted to clipping long hair off their cattle.  This may be a whole-body clip, but more than likely they clip only along the topline, neck and shoulder area.  Sometimes this helps and other times it doesn’t show much benefit,” said Cole.

MORE INFORMATION

For more information, contact any of the MU Extension livestock specialists in southwest Missouri: Eldon Cole in Mt. Vernon, (417) 466-3102, Andy McCorkill in Dallas County at (417) 345-7551, Dr. Patrick Davis in Cedar County at (417) 276-3313 or Logan Wallace in Howell County at (417) 256-2391.
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PHOTO AVAILABLE FOR USE WITH THIS STORY: Two cows with obvious differences in hair shedding are grazing the same fescue, yet the one on the left slicks off much more quickly: https://www.flickr.com/photos/muextension417/14482995347/


Pregnancy Check Time for Cows Bred in the Spring

Contact: Eldon Cole, livestock specialist
Headquartered in Lawrence County
Tel: (417) 466-3102
E-mail: colee@missouri.edu

MT. VERNON, Mo. -- The traditional time to pregnancy check beef females is later in the fall at weaning time.  However, recent research by beef reproduction specialists shows pregnancy checking in the mid- to late-summer could be the preferred time to check females bred in the spring.

The Missouri Show-Me-Select Heifer Development Program (SMS) requires heifers to be checked by a veterinarian before they’re beyond 90 days into their pregnancy.  More producers are now adopting this timeline even for heifers not in the SMS program and their cows.

“The 90-day check for SMS is required because it enables most veterinarians to age the fetus or embryo more accurately.  SMS heifer buyers like this as it aids in planning for calving management.  Many veterinarians use ultrasound to increase their accuracy,” said Eldon Cole, a livestock specialist with University of Missouri Extension.

Based on heifers sold in the November 2013 SMS sale at Joplin Regional Stockyards, 93.4 percent of the actual births occurred within two weeks of the estimated calving date.  Cole says later pregnancy checking may only give you a “bred or open” call by your veterinarian or a first, second or third-trimester call.

Herds that use early pregnancy testing are able to determine whether the female was bred by artificial insemination if at least 14 days elapsed between AI and cleanup bull exposure.  Fetal sexing is possible by an increasing number of veterinarians who use ultrasound in the 60 to 80 day-bred females.  The SMS protocol requires that leptospirosis vaccination be given at the early pregnancy check.

The downside of pregnancy-checking at this time of year is usually hot weather or field work related.  Hot weather may be avoided by starting earlier in the day, if possible.  If the producer has a covered corral that helps, but be sure there’s plenty of air movement and that the cattle are not crowded too tightly for extended time periods.

“Other reasons for working the herd now could be it forces you to run them through the chute and perform other health and management practices.  Pinkeye seems to be affecting more herds this year in southwest Missouri.  Working the herd gives you the opportunity to treat those in need.  Perhaps you could sort the pinkeye victims off to reduce exposure of others in the herd and make it easier to retreat,” said Cole.

Foot rot may be a problem that can be tended to at working time along with other issues.

“If you have spring calving cows and their non-replacement calves have not been given a growth promoting implant this could be a chance to administer it.  Flies may be increasing above the 200 flies per head threshold so spraying or pouring may be in order if fly prevention ear tags are playing out,” said Cole.

Depending on the producer’s targeted calving season, Cole says this is a good time to pull your bull so he won’t be breeding his daughters.  This move helps tighten the age range of your 2015-calf crop and improves uniformity for marketing.

“All in all, it just makes sense to move the preg checking chore two or three months ahead.  It may even be easier to get a veterinarian appointment at this time of year,” said Cole.

For more information, contact any of the MU Extension livestock specialists in southwest Missouri: Eldon Cole in Mt. Vernon, (417) 466-3102, Andy McCorkill in Dallas County at (417) 345-7551, Dr. Patrick Davis in Cedar County at (417) 276-3313 or Logan Wallace in Howell County at (417) 256-2391.
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PHOTO LIBRARY: A photo is available to accompany this photo and can be found at
https://www.flickr.com/photos/muextension417/14477479579/


Barton County 4-H Teen Leaders Teach Others About Water Quality

Contact: Elaine Davis, 4-H program assistant
Headquartered in Barton County
Tel: (417) 682-3579

LAMAR, Mo. -- Barton County 4-H Teen Leaders presented the WET project at the Lamar East Primary School to 4th and 5th grade summer school science classes at Wheeler Park during July.

The teen 4-H leaders are beginning a series of new “Teens Teaching Teens” projects.

The WET project is an interactive education project that enables every child to understand and value water, ensuring a sustainable future. During the two sessions the teens presented two programs entitled: “Water Quality? Ask the Bugs!”

WATER QUALITY? ASK THE BUGS! 

This workshop included a bio assessment of a stream by sampling macro invertebrates.  Students objectives were to define the name of macro invertebrates, describe the diversity if the macro invertebrates and them analyze the by learning the process for which macro invertebrate are assessed results were recorded and Pollution Tolerance indexes were determined.

After working through worksheets, the group was able to take samples form Wheeler Park Lake and identify the real Macro invertebrates that were in the simulation kits.  Students identified snails, mayflies, minnows and various macro invertebrates.

Water Crossings, provided students the opportunity to build a raft, boat or flotation device to carry them and their possession across a river.  In the early days of early settlers and explorers water transportation was key to travel.  Each student was provided a bag of supplies including sticks, string, and a passenger to create a floatation device that would simulate crossing a river or tributary.  The device was required to float for 30 seconds.

WET MISSION

The mission of Project WET is to reach children, parents, teachers and community members of the world with water education that promotes awareness of water and empowers community action to solve complex water issues. That goal is achieved by publishing water resource education materials, providing training workshop, organizing water festivals and water action activities .This program meets the requirements for MAPP testing for 5th grade students.

4-H Teen leaders Nate Cable, Kelsie Morgan, Allison Hawes, Jackie Neher, and Nathaniel Hawes along with Elaine Davis 4-H program assistant with University of Missouri Extension and Jill Scheidt, agronomy specialist with MU Extension, presented the workshop.

MORE INFORMATION

Missouri 4-H is University of Missouri Extension's youth development program. The 4-H program helps to create opportunities for young people to be valued, contributing members of their community. To learn more about 4-H -- the world’s largest youth-serving organization -- and how to get involved locally go online to http://mo4h.missouri.edu.

Residents of southwest Missouri can contact any of these 4-H youth development specialists for  information: Karla Deaver in Lawrence County at (417) 466-3102; Monica Spittler in Taney County, (417) 546-5531; Bob McNary in Jasper County at (417) 358-2158; Jeremy Elliott-Engel in Newton County at (417) 455-9500 or Velynda Cameron in Polk County at (417) 326-4916.
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PHOTOS AVAILABLE FOR USE WITH THIS STORY
Nate Cable is working with the students on building a floatation device. A test run leads to making changes for making a successful water crossing.
https://www.flickr.com/photos/muextension417/14673978971/
Students were able to evaluate macro invertebrates from Wheeler Park.
https://www.flickr.com/photos/muextension417/14674835604/
Kelsie Morgan works with her group on the macro invertebrate’s simulation kit.
https://www.flickr.com/photos/muextension417/14490528219/


Low Levels of Insects Popping Up in Crop Fields

Contact: Jill Scheidt, agronomy specialist
Headquartered in Barton County
PHONE: 417-682-3579
EMAIL: scheidtjk@missouri.edu

LAMAR, Mo. -- Jill Scheidt, agronomy specialist with University of Missouri Extension in Barton County, scouted fields northeast of Lamar near Hwy. A and Hwy. EE on July 16.

Scheidt offers this advice from the field.

CORN FIELDS

Corn is in the milk stage and corn earworms were seen feeding on kernels. “In one field I was finding one earworm in 5 out of 10 stalks, but in the majority of fields, one or no earworms every 10 stalks,” said Scheidt.

According to Wayne Bailey, state entomologist with University of Missouri Extension, there is no recommended threshold level; insecticide treatments are not economical because multiple applications are needed to obtain effective control.

“Corn earworms cause less than one percent yield loss because they feed on the tip, where the kernels don’t always fill,” said Bailey. Bailey suggests the following best management practices: early planting, selecting BT varieties with corn earworm resistance and varieties with tight husks.

According to Laura Sweets, state pathologist with University of Missouri Extension, fungicides are most profitable when disease, or weather conditions favoring disease, and disease susceptible varieties are present. “The optimum time to apply fungicides is from tasseling to the blister stage in corn,” said Sweets.

SOYBEAN FIELDS

Soybeans were in the first trifoliate to bloom stage. “I saw bean leaf beetle, blister beetle, grasshopper and Japanese beetles feeding but not at threshold levels,” said Scheidt.

Threshold levels for all foliage feeding insects are: 30 percent defoliation before bloom and 20 percent defoliation during and after bloom.

“Defoliation refers to the whole plant, so the whole plant must have 20 or 30 percent defoliation,” explains Scheidt.

MORE INFORMATION
The weekly field scouting report is sponsored by University of Missouri Extension and Barton County Extension. For more information on this scouting report, or to learn how to receive it a week earlier by telephone, contact the MU Extension Center in Barton County, (417) 682-3579.
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“Back to School Blast” Youth Horse Show Aug. 22-24 in Springfield

Contact: Karla Deaver, 4-H youth development specialist
Headquartered in Lawrence County
Tel: (417) 466-3102
E-mail: deaverk@missouri.edu

SPRINGFIELD, Mo. -- The sixth annual “Back to School Blast” is a three-day youth horse show being held Aug. 22-24 2014, at the Ozark Empire Fair, 3001 N. Grant Springfield, Mo.

This horse show is open to any youth nationwide and is a major fundraiser for Greene County
4-H. Proceeds from the show will help fund the Greene County 4-H fair, Greene County 4-H scholarships, contest fees, trips and many other 4-H activities in the community.

The “Back to School Blast” has grown to be the largest open all youth horse show in Southwest Missouri.

“We are very excited to have people travel from all over Missouri to support Greene County 4-H,” said Lynn Neidigh, horse show committee coordinator.  “The show is open to 4-H members and non-members.”

“Back to School Blast” has a mission to provide a positive, affordable big horse show experience that promotes horsemanship, sportsmanship and friendship. The show will include educational opportunities, vendors, and horse show/safety incentives including great prizes for every exhibitor.

For a showbill, rules and entry forms for the horse show, go online to the event website www.backtoschoolblastallyouthhorseshow.com. It is also possible to follow the “Back To School Blast All Youth Horse Show” on Facebook.

Additional information is available for the event by emailing; btsbhorseshow@gmail.com or by calling Lynn Neidigh (417) 988-0798 or Gail Driskell (417) 830-3003.

Thank you to this year’s horse show sponsors: Go Classic Trailer, The Equine Clinic, Signs Now, Ozark MFA, Ozark Empire Fair, SOMO Farm and Ranch Supply, PFI Western Stores Inc. and Race Brothers.
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"Loving Lavender" Program is Aug. 7 at Botanical Center

Contact: Patrick Byers, horticulture specialist
Headquartered in Greene County
Tel: (417) 881-8909
E-mail: byerspl@missouri.edu

SPRINGFIELD, Mo. – The August “Learn to Grow in the Garden” class hosted by the Master Gardeners of Greene County will focus on the versatile and beautiful herb lavender.

“Loving Lavender” will be held from 6 p.m. to 7 p.m., Thursday Aug. 7 at the Springfield Botanical Center, 2400 South Scenic. Participants should meet in the lobby of the Botanical Center Lobby and will then walk over to the Master Gardener’s Demonstration Garden. For more information call (417) 881-8909 x311 or go to www.mggreene.org.

Attendees will see different varieties of lavender growing in the herb garden, see demonstrations of oil, bottle and wand making, and have their questions about lavender answered.

“Lavender is an extremely useful, beneficial and versatile herb that can be used to treat a variety of ailments. In addition, this special herb can be used to create teas, salts, potpourri, sachets, and crafts.  It is also beautiful, so all of that together makes lavender a must for every home garden,” said Cathy Staats, a master gardener who will teach the class.

Staats notes that lavender is a tough plant and is extremely drought resistant, once established. However, when first starting your lavender plants, give them a handful of compost in the planting hole and keep them regularly watered during their first growing season.

“Lavender is typically listed as being English Lavender, French Lavender or Spanish Lavender, so it is a good idea to research which varieties will thrive the best. In southwest Missouri, one of the best varieties of lavender to grow is Munstead, an English Lavender,” said Staats.

The Master Gardener program is a popular statewide volunteer community-service organization administered through University of Missouri Extension. The organization’s goal is to train gardeners who are willing to share their knowledge with others. Master Gardeners become volunteers of University of Missouri Extension and donate hours for community educational projects in horticulture. Training in gardening and landscaping also leads to more spending in those areas. According to a 2005 story in Gardening Magazine, Springfield has the 3rd highest per capita spending on horticulture in the United States.  
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Thursday, July 17, 2014

“Evening in the Herb Garden” is July 31 in Forsyth

Contact: Chrystal Irons, business development specialist
Headquartered at the Taney County Extension Center
Tel: (417) 546-4431
E-mail: ironsc@missouri.edu

FORSYTH, Mo. – Members of the Master Gardeners of the Ozarks are hosting “An Evening in the Herb Garden” from 5 p.m. to 7 p.m., Thursday, July 31 in the demonstration garden at the Taney County Extension office, 122 Felkins Avenue in Forsyth.

Come and join the Master Gardeners as they host an evening to stroll the gardens, sample herbal drinks and appetizers, and hear the history of the Powersite Dam.

“If you are interested in taking home some herbs this event provides an opportunity to share cuttings and recipes,” said Master Gardener Marva Ramsey.

This event is free and open to the public.

The Taney County Extension Center is located near the Taney County judicial center.  For more information call the Taney County University of Missouri Extension Center at 417-546-4431.
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Master Gardener’s “Brown Bag Lunch” Aug. 5 in Forsyth Addresses Butterfly Gardening

Contact: Chrystal Irons, business development specialist
Headquartered at the Taney County Extension Center
Tel: (417) 546-4431
E-mail: ironsc@missouri.edu

FORSYTH, Mo. – The next “Brown Bag Lunch” program hosted by the Master Gardeners of the Ozarks will be held at noon on Tuesday, Aug. 5 in the demonstration garden at the Taney County Extension Center, 122 Felkins Avenue in Forsyth near the Taney County judicial center.

This month’s program address butterfly gardening. Tom Riley, retired entomology professor from Louisiana State University and a member of master gardener of the Ozarks, will present the program. His presentation will focus on creating an Ozarks butterfly garden.

The program is free and open to the public.

Plants that provide nectar for butterflies also attract hummingbirds, so Riley will discuss some of his favorite nectar plants.  He will also talk about plants that serve as food for the caterpillars of our local butterflies and how to integrate them into plans for a butterfly garden.

The last part of the program will be a tour of the Forsyth master gardener's demonstration garden to see some of these butterfly plants and hopefully some of the butterflies attracted to them.  

The Master Gardeners of the Ozarks are presenting monthly gardening programs as part of their community service.  Programs are held behind the Taney County MU Extension Center in Forsyth in the Master Gardener’s native plant garden.

The remaining schedule for the series is as follows:
Tuesday, Sept. 9, noon – “Raised Bed/Winter Gardening”
Saturday, October 4, 10 a.m. – “Pass Along Plants”

“We hope you can take time from your busy schedules and join us in our gardens,” said Master Gardener Marva Ramsey. “We are very proud of our demonstration garden behind the Taney County Extension center and love for people to come to our programs and learn new things.”

For more information call the Taney County Extension Center at 417-546-4431.
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Thursday, July 10, 2014

Insect Pressure Low in Area Fields; Check Threshold Levels of Japanese Beetles Before Spraying

Contact: Jill Scheidt, agronomy specialist
Headquartered at Barton County Extension Center
Tel: (417) 682-3579
E-mail: scheidtjk@missouri.edu

Expert Advice from the Field …

LAMAR, Mo. – Jill Scheidt, agronomy specialist with University of Missouri Extension in Barton County, scouted fields ten miles east of Lamar and north of Golden City on July 2 for the crop scouting program. Scheidt offers this advice from the field.

Corn is in pollination stage; pollination is complete in most fields and pollinated well. Threshold levels for Japanese beetle in corn are three or more beetles per plant clipping green silks to one-half an inch. Once pollination is over, there is no need to control Japanese beetle in corn. “It is typically not economical to spray because Japanese beetles come in several flights, resulting in multiple insecticide applications,” said Scheidt.

Soybeans are in beginning bloom and the first trifoliate. “Japanese beetle and grasshopper seem to be more attracted to more mature plants, but generally do not require treatment,” said Scheidt.  Threshold levels for Japanese beetle and any leaf-feeding insect in soybean are 30 percent defoliation before bloom and 20 percent defoliation during and after bloom.  “I am not seeing a need to spray insecticides in any fields right now. For control of Japanese beetle in landscapes and garden use Sevin or Malathion. Remember beneficial insects will be killed with insecticides,” said Scheidt.

“Japanese beetle populations should start to decrease over the next 3 weeks and beetles should be gone by August. So far, I have not seen any fields at threshold level for Japanese beetles and there is no need to spray an insecticide,” said Scheidt.

MORE INFORMATION

The weekly field scouting report is sponsored by University of Missouri Extension and Barton County Extension. For more information on this scouting report, or to learn how to receive it a week earlier by telephone, contact the MU Extension Center in Barton County, (417) 682-3579.
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Finale Results Show this Feedout Most Profitable Since 2005

Contact: Eldon Cole, livestock specialist
Headquartered in Lawrence County
Tel: (417) 466-3102
E-mail: colee@missouri.edu

MT. VERNON, Mo. -- The 2013-14 Missouri Steer Feedout results were presented during the “Finale” at Mt. Vernon on June 26 hosted by University of Missouri Extension.

There were 113 steers entered by 13 producers from across Missouri.  Most were from the southwest corner of the state.  The steers were all shipped to Gregory Feedlot, Tabor, Iowa on Nov. 5, 2013.  They were slaughtered on two different dates April 8 and May 13 at Tyson’s, Dennison, IA.  Steer performance data collection was coordinated by the Iowa Tri-County Steer Carcass Futurity.

The Missouri Feedout is designed to provide individual gain, carcass yield and quality grades, profit per head data so participants can determine which cows and bulls are helping them be successful in the beef business.  Neither prize money nor ribbons are given in the various categories.

The TCSCF gathers volumes of data besides the basics mentioned above.  Examples include:  docility scores each time they’re run through the chute; feed cost per head; health treatment costs; total costs per hundred pounds of gain; retail value per days on feed, as well as retail value per day of age.

During the initial weighing in Missouri last November each calf was evaluated by a Missouri Department of Agriculture Market News Reporter and given a feeder calf grade for muscle and frame.  In addition they assigned a price per hundred based on the current market in the area.  The latter is used to determine feedlot profitability.  The average price per hundred for the six weight steers last November was $164.

Overall, this was the most profitable feedout since 2005 with the profit average of $140.84 per head after all costs, as well as four deaths included.  The top profit group by a narrow margin was five purebred Angus steers consigned by Norman Garton, Nevada.  Their profit was $256 per head which beat out the second most profitable, a group of five purebred Charolais that made $249 per head for Gary Mallett, Baring.

The Garton steers had a gain of 3.89 pounds per day compared to the 3.62 rate for Mallett’s.  All of the Angus steers made low Choice or better and four qualified for the Certified Angus Beef (CAB) premium of $4.17 per cwt.  The Mallett steers had three make low Choice or above and all five qualified for the $2.50 per cwt premium for achieving a yield grade of 2.  A Yield Grade 1’s received a $6.50 premium.  The 1 Yield Grades came from Russell Marion, Pierce City, Kunkel Farms, Neosho and Keuper Farms, Ionia.

Seventy-nine percent of the steers made low Choice or better with only one achieving Prime.  The Prime carcass was an Angus from Goodnight Angus Farms, Carthage.  He received a $19.49 per cwt for his quality grade.  Only about 3 percent of the cattle graded make Prime.  Prime quality can be bred into a herd with genetic selection using expected progeny differences (EPDs).

The average daily gain for the Feedout was 3.60 pounds with a range in the thirteen groups from 4.01 to 2.81 pounds.  The 4 pounders came from Bart Renkoski, Purdy on 13 head.  He had the misfortune of losing two steers, otherwise his profitability would have been closer to the top.

The top steer on retail value per days on feed came from the Keuper group with a $7.65 per pound value.  The TCSCF rates this as the best of five formulas in measuring feedlot profitability.  The correlation between this retail value and profit in the feedlot is .88.

The top steer based on retail value per days of age, which considers pre-delivery to Iowa performance was entered by Jay Kerr, Mexico.  His value was $5.12 per day.

For more information on the feedout program, contact your nearest University of Missouri Extension livestock specialist.  A power point review of each of the thirteen groups in the recent feedout can be accessed at:  http://extension.missouri.edu/lawrence    

For more information, contact any of the MU Extension livestock specialists in southwest Missouri: Eldon Cole in Mt. Vernon, (417) 466-3102, Andy McCorkill in Dallas County at (417) 345-7551, Dr. Patrick Davis in Cedar County at (417) 276-3313 or Logan Wallace in Howell County at (417) 256-2391.
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Photos available to accompany this story at:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/muextension417/14546244026/
and
https://www.flickr.com/photos/muextension417/14382703158/


Wednesday, July 09, 2014

8 People Exploring Starting a Small Business with Doug Pitt July 9 in Ozark

Contact: Chrystal Irons, business development specialist
Headquartered at the Taney County Extension Center
Tel: (417) 546-4431
E-mail: ironsc@missouri.edu

OZARK, Mo. – Eight participants are going to explore the dream of starting a business and working for themselves with the University of Missouri Extension’s “Starting a Small Business: The First Steps” class from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m., Wednesday, July 9, at the Carl G. Hefner Enterprise Center, 1471 W. South St. in Ozark.  Successful entrepreneur, Doug Pitt of TSI Global (former owner of ServiceWorld Computer Center), will be on-hand to share his experiences overcoming challenges small businesses face.

“This workshop is designed specifically for those who are thinking about starting a business,” said Chrystal Irons, a business development specialist with University of Missouri Extension, Taney County SBTDC. “Participants will also have the opportunity to gain insight from local successful entrepreneur, Doug Pitt as he shares his experiences as a small business owner.”

The workshop will examine the importance of planning, legal and regulatory requirements, and identify sources of financing.  Program highlights include: evaluating a business idea, estimating start-up costs, identifying competitors and customers, and discussing the challenges of small business ownership.

To receive additional information and to register contact the Ozark Chamber of Commerce at (417) 581-6139 or visit www.OzarkChamber.com.


Tuesday, June 24, 2014

Twilight Horticulture Tour in Lawrence County July 10

FROM UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI EXTENSION
SOUTHWEST REGIONAL NEWS SERVICE
Contact: Eldon Cole, livestock specialist
Headquartered in Lawrence County
Tel: (417) 466-3102
E-mail: colee@missouri.edu

MT. VERNON, Mo. -- The Lawrence County Extension Council invites the public to attend the annual “Lawrence County Twilight Horticulture Tour” starting at 6 p.m. on July 10.

The focus of the 2014 tour is community gardens and three gardens are on the tour.

The Verona 4-H club garden is in its first year, and includes beds of vegetables that are tended by the members of the Verona Wild Clovers 4-H club.  The club includes children from kindergarten to sixth grade.  The garden is located on grounds near Verona School.

A Harvest Supper celebrating the vegetable harvest is planned for later in the summer.  MU Extension specialists will discuss vegetable garden preparation and planting at this stop.

The tour begins just east of the Verona School on Ella Street.  Watch for the signs.

From there the tour goes to the Aurora United Methodist Church at 1211 South Carnation Drive. Also in its first year, the church garden the produce from this garden will supplement a sack lunch program that serves over 150 children each Saturday.  Topics of discussion at this garden include weed management.

The third garden on the tour is the Aurora Community Garden, located at the junction of Hwy. K and High Street across the road from Casey’s.  The garden was established over five years ago by MU Master Gardeners and members of the public.  Four families tend this garden and share in the harvest.  MU Extension specialists will share information at this stop on garden irrigation.

The tour is sponsored by University of Missouri Extension and the Lawrence County Extension Council.  For more details call 417-466-3102.

A photo of tour coordinator Patrick Byers, a horticulture specialist with University of Missouri Extension, at one of the tour stops, is available online for download at: https://www.flickr.com/photos/muextension417/14498992522/


Herbicide Carryover in Garden Mulch and Manure

UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI EXTENSION
SOUTHWEST REGIONAL NEWS SERVICE
Contact: Jill Scheidt, agronomy specialist
Headquartered in Barton County
PHONE: 417-682-3579
EMAIL: scheidtjk@missouri.edu

LAMAR, Mo. -- Herbicide carryover has become an increasing problem in gardens and greenhouses. Depending on the active ingredient in the herbicide and weather conditions, herbicide effects can linger in the soil for years.

Tomatoes and other garden plants are especially sensitive to herbicides. Typical signs of herbicide damage include: distorted leaves, plants and fruits, and cupped leaves.

“These are the same signs one would see in a case of spray drift from herbicides, however if there is no possibility of spray drift, herbicide carryover in mulches and manure compost introduced from another location should be considered,” said Jill Scheidt, agronomy specialist with University of Missouri Extension.

According to Tim Baker, horticulture specialist with University of Missouri Extension in Daviess County, there are two instances where he has observed irregular herbicide carryover in mulches and manure compost.

The first situation is that of herbicides surviving the intestinal tract of an animal, in a high enough concentration to cause crop damage.  In this case, a broadleaf herbicide is sprayed on a pasture, creating lush grasses for the animal to feed on.  When the manure is collected, the herbicide is still there. The second situation is the possibility of herbicide being applied to a field, and then manure collected for composting.

In order for most chemicals to speed the process of breaking down, sunlight, air and water must be in the equation. Wet, warm weather promotes the process of chemical breakdown. If there is contamination in a covered greenhouse, consider opening the greenhouse to the outside elements.

If that is not an option, Baker suggests using activated charcoal to absorb the herbicide. In some instances, herbicide can take a number of years to leave the soil, plants may improve, but slight signs of injury can still be seen.

For more information, contact any of these MU Extension agronomy specialists in southwest Missouri: Tim Schnakenberg in Stone County, (417) 357-6812; Jill Scheidt in Barton County, (417) 682-3579; John Hobbs in McDonald County, (417) 223-4775 or Sarah Kenyon in Texas County, (417) 967-4545.
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Japanese Beetles Populations Expected to Peak Later in July

FROM UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI EXTENSION
SOUTHWEST REGIONAL NEWS SERVICE
Contact: Sarah Kenyon, agronomy specialist
Headquartered in Texas County
Tel: (417) 967-4545  
E-mail: kenyons@missouri.edu

HOUSTON, Mo. -- Japanese beetles have been reported in large numbers across Missouri according to Sarah Kenyon, agronomy specialist with University of Missouri Extension.

“These destructive insects feed on roses, shrub, vegetables, and even field crops like corn and soybean.  The damaged leaves typically look like Swiss cheese,” said Kenyon.

Trap counts across the state indicate the population will continue to climb and will peak later in July.  The green, dime-size beetle with bronze wings and white tufts of hair around its shell is amid a multi-year population boom.

Japanese beetles show little discrimination in filling their stomachs, and will feed on any plant that has a pleasant smell.

“Roses and linden trees are their favorite crops, but they’ll feed on a wide variety of ornamentals, fruit trees, grapes and 440 different plants species,” said MU Entomologist Wayne Bailey. “They usually feed on the tops of plants in the sunlight, and they like plants that smell succulent, so if it smells good to you they likely will prefer those plants.”

Field crops also appear on the menu for the Japanese beetle.  Both corn and soybeans can receive significant damage if control measures aren’t implemented.

This can be a serious pest for corn farmers.  The insect will chew on corn silk and tassels.  If the silks have been taken down to less than half an inch in length, there will not be any pollination, resulting in poor corn production.  In corn, treatment is recommended if there are three or more beetles per ear that are producing green silks and pollination is less than 50 percent complete.

In soybean crops, Japanese beetles chew at the leaves. They prefer lush leaflets at the top of plants and can hurt yield by significantly defoliating the plant.  Control is justified if there is 25 percent damage to the leaves of soybeans.

Japanese beetles live for one year.  The adult lays eggs in July that hatch and develop into white larvae, which overwinter in the soil and mature during the spring.  They emerge as beetles in mid-June and begin feeding.  Each healthy female lays 40 to 60 eggs.  Adults live up to 60 days.

Homeowners can fall back on a staple insecticide, powdered Sevin (carbaryl), to combat the destruction of Japanese beetles.  “Sevin is probably one of the best, because it’s readily available and relatively safe to most everything around,” Bailey said.

More for information on the insect contact MU Extension Agronomy Specialist, Sarah Kenyon at 417-967-4545 or by email at KenyonS@missouri.edu.
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Sheep and Goats Need Special Care During Summer Heat and Humidity

Contact: Dr. Jodie A. Pennington, region small ruminant educator
Headquartered at Newton County Extension Center, Neosho, Mo.
Tel: (417) 455-9500
E-mail: PenningtonJ@lincolnu.edu

NEOSHO, Mo. -- Management of sheep and goats in summer heat can be a challenging task for some producers, especially those producers with wool sheep, according to Dr. Jodie Pennington, small ruminant educator with Lincoln University Extension.

“The two most critical factors are to provide access to shade and water at all times for the animals,” said Pennington. “The extreme heat is compounded by the relatively high humidity that we experience here in southwest Missouri.”

SIGNS OF HEAT STRESS

Signs of heat stress in goats and sheep include bunching in the shade (if it’s available), slobbering, high respiratory rates (panting), high body temperature, and open mouth breathing.  In severe cases of heat stress, lack of coordination, trembling, and down animals may be seen.

“If you see many or severe signs of heat stress, minimize the stress immediately, but handle the animals gently to avoid increasing their stress even more,” said Pennington.

Some animals may be affected more than others. Animals with other stresses such as heavy lactation and past health problems may be more affected by heat stress. These animals will often be the first and the most severely affected in the herd.

Dark animals are more susceptible to heat stress than light colored sheep and goats.  

If an animal’s health problems are on-going, administer treatment with extra care and consider culling,” said Pennington.

WHAT TO DO

One of the best things to do for goats and sheep is to offer shade and water.  Shade will reduce heat loads, and water will help dissipate heat.  

According to Pennington, water consumption is driven by environmental temperature. At 90 degrees Fahrenheit, water consumption may be almost twice that at 70 degrees and 50 percent greater than at 80 degrees.

“Always keep good quality fresh water in front of the sheep and goats,” said Pennington.

Heat stress can be lessened by providing water via sprinklers and using fans to aid in evaporating the water.  Use care with a sprinkler as misting can add to the humidity.  With sheep, water can make the wool less able to dissipate heat.

“Mature trees provide excellent shade (and shelter) and are usually the least-cost alternative. If natural shelter is not available, many sheep and goat producers use wooden or metal huts, plastic calf hutches or movable structures to provide shelter for grazing animals,” said Pennington.

Simple shade structures can be constructed from shade cloth, mesh fabric, tarps, canvas, or sheet metal. Movable shade structures are suitable for intensive rotational grazing systems.

“All livestock should be able to lie down in the shade structure or area at the same time. Lying down in a cool spot provides additional relief from the heat,” said Pennington.

AVOID OVERWORK

Avoid overworking the animals if they are heat-stressed.   Body temperatures of sheep and goats tend to peak in the early evening, then decline in the night to reach a low point in the hours after sunrise, and then slowly building throughout the day.

Pennington says to work the animals in the early morning, and avoid afternoon/evening work when body temperatures are already high. If possible, under prolonged heat stress conditions, avoid working the animals at all.

“If at all possible, avoid transporting sheep and goats during periods of heat stress. If transportation can’t be delayed, do it during the cooler evening or early morning hours to avoid any additional stress,” said Pennington.

Goats tend to tolerate heat better than sheep.  Goats with loose skin and floppy ears may be more heat tolerant than other goats. Angora goats have a decreased ability to respond to heat stress as compared to sheep and other breeds of goats. The heat is especially hard on fat animals.

MORE INFORMATION

For more information about caring for goats or sheep, contact Dr. Jodi Pennington, region small ruminant educator with Lincoln University, at the Newton County Extension Center in Neosho, telephone (417) 455-9500 or email PenningtonJ@lincolnu.edu.
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Protect Your Mobility to Protect Your Independence

Contact: Dr. Pam Duitsman, nutrition and health specialist
Headquartered in Greene County
Tel: (417) 881-8909
E-mail: duitsmanp@missouri.edu

SPRINGFIELD, Mo. -- Older age, less physical activity, reduced strength and balance, obesity, and chronic diseases are all common risk factors that lead to loss of mobility. Losing mobility with age has profound consequences on physical, social and psychological health.

“Once mobility is lost, independence is often lost. The feeling of isolation can be overwhelming, and often physical and emotional health plummet,” said Dr. Pam Duitsman, nutrition and health specialist, University of Missouri Extension. “The good news is that the evidence is strong that we can head off immobility and perhaps avoid it altogether with certain strategies.”

Duitsman suggests getting your mobility checked. “Your physician can assess your balance and movement by a few simple tests.  If you have difficulty climbing up ten steps or walking a quarter mile, your mobility may be impaired,” said Duitsman.

INCREASE ACTIVITY

Research shows that older adults who walk and do basic strengthening exercises on a daily basis are less likely to become physically disabled compared to those who do not regularly exercise.

“Elderly people who maintain their physical fitness are more likely to live independently longer,” said Duitsman.

Structured exercise programs designed for older adults can result in significant health benefits. Such programs have been shown to improve balance, strength, energy, flexibility, sleep and mood; as well as blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels. Walking can also be a great benefit.

“Start by walking as far as you can, and increase this as you are able.  Research shows if older adults walk more, like 30 minutes three days a week, the beneficial effects on the brain as well as physical health can be significant.  The 30 minutes can be broken down however needed.  Even 5-minutes six times a day is beneficial,” said Duitsman.

STRATEGY FOR SUCCESS

Here are the most successful strategies that have been proven to work:
Commit yourself.  Decide that incorporating more physical activity is worth it. Then, make an action plan each week that includes different and interesting activities that you love.  “Commit to doing an action plan, and follow through for at least six weeks,” said Duitsman.

Enlist social support.  “Studies show that we are dramatically more successful at increasing physical activity when we have others to share the experience with, and to help encourage us,” said Duitsman.  Join a class or increase physical activity with an interested neighbor, family member or co-worker.

Keep notes.  “It can be effective to write down your plan for the week, and what you accomplished each day and what got in the way. This can be helpful in overcoming barriers and achieving your goals,” said Duitsman.

Reminders of what activity you have planned. Set your alarm, or your phone, to remind you.

Modify your plan when needed.  An all-or-nothing approach leads to failure.  Adjust plans when needed, and stay motivated by doing many activities that you enjoy.  “Try some dance steps, garden, walk the dog.  When the weather is bad outdoors use activity or walking DVDs inside,” said Duitsman.

Reward yourself.  Duitsman says it is important for the reward to be something you enjoy, but that is not detrimental to health.  For instance, a dessert would not make sense as a reward but a bubble bath, manicure, fishing trip, a new book or magazine might be an encouragement.

“Incorporating more physical activity each day can be enjoyable. You will begin to feel the rewards within the first couple weeks,” said Duitsman.

For more information on nutrition contact one of the following nutrition specialists: Dr. Lydia Kaume in Barton County, (417) 682-3579; Dr. Pam Duitsman, in Greene County, (417) 881-8909; or Cammie Younger in Texas County, (417) 967-4545. Information is also available online http://extension.missouri.edu.
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Monday, June 23, 2014

Region Extension Headlines for June 26, 2014

Every week, the Southwest Region News Service (which is a program of University of Missouri Extension) delivers eight to 10 regionally focused news articles to individuals southwest Missouri. The articles are delivered by email, via social media and on websites including the AgEBB (Agricultural Electronic Bulletin Board) operated by the College of Agriculture at the University of Missouri.

This week, the stories for the news service are all lined on AgEbb. Here are this weeks headlines. Just click on the link you want to read.
Southwest Region News Service stories from the last 60 days are available online at http://agebb.missouri.edu/news/swnews/queries/index.idc and of course, on this blog as well.

If you have questions, contact David Burton, civic communication specialist, via email at burtond@missouri.edu.
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