Friday, June 06, 2014

Long-neck Seed Bugs Beneficial in Strawberries

Contact: Jill Scheidt, agronomy specialist
Headquartered in Barton County
PHONE: 417-682-3579

LAMAR, Mo. - Jill Scheidt, agronomy specialist with University of Missouri Extension, has seen several long-neck seed bugs in many strawberry patches during the late spring.

“Long-necked seed bugs are a beneficial insect in strawberries,” said Scheidt.

The long-necked seed bug is 3/8 inch long. The head is black, and they appear to have a neck. The wings are brown with yellow etched lines. The legs are slender and yellowish with black knee joints. The antennae have four segments; the first and last segments are black and the middle antennae segments are orange in color.

“Long-neck seed bugs are classified in the hemiptera order and the heteroptera suborder, meaning they are a true bug, like aphids, stinkbugs and leaf hoppers. They have piercing, sucking mouthparts, meaning their mouthparts look similar to a beak, like a hummingbird,” said Scheidt.

They can be found under leaf litter in early spring and in fields and under artificial lights in the summer. Long-necked seed bugs overwinter in woodland and migrate to fields in the spring and summer; they are attracted to lights.

According to Richard Houseman, University of Missouri plant sciences professor, long-neck seed bugs will sometimes feed on strawberry seeds but are rarely a threat needing treatment. “They primarily feed on other small insects.”

Pictures of a long-necked seed bug are available on the Barton County Extension website at For more information call 417-682-3579.


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